Economic & social conditions affect garbage problem

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1 Economic & social conditions affect garbage problem Parameter : Waste Problem : MANAGEMENT WASTE / CLEANLINESS POLICY AND ARRANGEMENTS ( UU 18 Year 2008) Population growth Economic growth Consumption o patterns of society Packaging and behavioral patterns of the populationp Activities of city functions Populasion density and building The complexity of urban problems Number Much more Composition Increasingly diverse Management Traditional / Conventional Condition MIX & DIRTY Cost NOT ADEQUATE 1 2 WASTE DEFINITION The rest of the daytoday activities of human and or from natural processes that form solid WASTE MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES Reduce waste generation Handle garbage (sorting, collecting, transporting, and processing the final in where the final processing) So as to create a good environment, clean, and healthy 3 MAKASSAR CITY POLATION IN THE LAST TEN TNYARS YEARS Nu Year NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER OF OF MALES OF WOMEN POLATION , ,001 1,112,688, , ,334 1,130, , ,430 1,148, , ,325 1,160, , ,641 1,179, , ,862 1,193, , ,491 1,223, , ,006 1,235, , ,352 1,253, , ,079 1,272,349, , ,276 1,339,374 4 LOCATION TABLE WASTE AND ARE HANDLED PER DAY IN THE CITY OF MAKASSAR GENERATION ( M3/Day ) DIFFERENCE IN TO THE TOTAL UNTREATED THE GENERATIO GENERATION WASTE AND UNTREATED ( % ) ( M3/Day ) ( M3/Day ) al / Household rious ediate NUMBER 1, , kota : t es Area area ion Area NU YEARS OF SERVICE COMPARISON LIST OF WASTE HANDLING THE CITY OF MAKASSAR IN (M3/ DAY) FROM 1997/1998 TO DECEMBER 2010 WASTE GENERATION UNHANDLED % OF THE GENERATION / ,40 M3/DAY 2.753,79 M3/DAY 94,52% / ,60311 M3/DAY 2.987,40 M3/DAY 90,21% / ,20 M3/DAY 2.996,67 M3/DAY 84,77% ,00 M3/DAY 3.064,00 M3/DAY 80,29% ,00 M3/DAY 2.675,30 M3/DAY 68,28% ,00 M3/DAY 2.871,84 M3/DAY 80,67% ,00 M3/DAY 3.251,74 M3/DAY 86,76% ,15 M3/DAY 3.121,55 M3/DAY 87,19% ,21 M3/DAY 3.109,56 M3/DAY 87,69% ,01 M3/DAY 3.151,27 M3/DAY 87,97% ,81 M3/DAY 3.245,29 M3/DAY 88,63% ,69 M3/DAY 3.315,20 M3/DAY 86,95% ,03 M3/DAY 3.278,12 M3/DAY 89,08%

2 GARDENING BUDGET ALLOCATION AND CLEANLINESS FISCAL YEAR 2011 WASTE MANAGEMENT OF OPERATING COSTS LAST SEVEN YEARS Capping FUND REALIZATION PHYSI REST O CAL YEARS COST OF OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE COST CAPITAL TOTAL COST ADMINISTRATION EXPENDITURES SERVICES re Cemetery Rp Rp Rp. Rp Rp Rp. Water Resources and Electricity Rp Rp Rp. icle Licensing Office / Operations Rp Rp Rp. Rp Rp. Rp. ponents / Lighting Office Buildings Rp Rp. Rp. plies Rp Rp Rp. gislation Rp Rp Rp Rp 5,984,467,958 Rp. 3,340,375,000 Rp. 205,000,000 Rp. 9,529,842, Rp 9,068,802, Rp. 1,958,757, Rp. 526,000,000 Rp. 11,553,560, Rp 9,094,289,890 Rp. 4,529,584,195 Rp. 331,226,900 Rp. 13,955,100, Rp 10,297,627,335 Rp. 3,985,964,400 Rp. 14,518,825,800 Rp. 28,802,417, Rp 9,087,857,703 Rp. 3,776,397,720 Rp. 2,877,504,774 Rp. 15,741,760,197 8 PROBLEMS Still limited i facilities i and infrastructure The difficulty of placing land container Increase in waste generation in line with population growth and urban activities i i Collection process is less hygienic (Unlimited) i Schedule has not fulfilled the collection and dt transporting ti waste Traffic density on the operating line The difficulty of access roads at the of processing OLD PARADIGM (CURRENT) WASTE MANAGEMENT TOGETHERS TRANSPORT THROW HOW TO CAUSE THIS ISSUE : 1. LANDFILL BURDEN IS VERY HIGH, LIMITED LAND AREA 2. OPERATIONAL COST HIGH 3. POSE AN INCREASINGLY SEVERE ENVIRONMETAL IMPACTS : AIR POLLUTION WATER POLLUTION SOIL CONTAMINITION 4. WASTEFUL OF RESOURCES 5. LESS ROOM FOR THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY & BUSINESSES 10 CURRENT PARADIGM MANAGING WASTE DO CITIZENS CITY GOVERNMENT/ LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOURCE TOGETHERS PLACEWASTE DIPOSAL HAUL DIRECT COLLECTION (DOOR TO DOOR) 11 CURRENT PARADIGMA : TOGETHERS HAUL EXHAUST THROW IN THE END PROCESSING 12

3 WASTE MANAGEMENT OF A NEW PARADIGM PRINCIPLES OF WASTE AS A RESOURCE prioritize Prioritize PRINCIPLE POLLUTION CONTROL NEW PARADIGM MANAGING WASTE 1 2 IMPLEMENTATION OF PRINCIPLES TSB ACTIVITIES PERFORMED : 1. 3R (REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE). 2. EXTENDED PRODUCER S RESPONSIBILITY (EPR). 3. WASTE TO ENERGY. 4. END MANAGEMENT That ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY (SANITARY LANDFILL). Waste Household Scale togethers Waste scale area 3 togethers KEUNTUNGAN CARA INI: 1. SAVES RESOURCES. 2. EXPENSES pollutants reduced. 3. ECONOMIC VALUE & OPEN EMPLOYMENT. 4. LOW OPERATIONAL COST. 5. EXPENSES landfill is reduced. DIRECT COLLECTION (DOOR TO DOOR) Place End Processing Konsepsi integrasi 3 R ACTION PLANFOR WASTE REDUCTION PROGRAM THROUGH COMPOSTING (PESAMAS) IN MAKASSAR CITY ( ) ANDI MURTAN Chief of Urban Cleaning Management Division Cleansing & Park Department City Government of Makassar INDONESIA COMMITMENT OF CITY GOVERNMNET FOR COMPOSTING & 3R Promoting a community based composting (PESAMAS) is a model of waste reduction program up to 5 10% within next 3 years by optimizing waste separation through composting (household and communal level), under technical assistance of Kitakyushu City/ Conducted grass root project for composting (2009) under technical assistance of Kitakyushu City/ & physical supports from Ministry of Public Works ()

4 08 Ministry of Public Works () Technical Assistance (International Cooperation: /Kitakyushu) ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE City Government of Makassar (under coordination of City Assistant II) Technical team (for PESAMAS): Environmental bureau Cleansing & Park Department Education Department Health Department Cooperative Department NGO Target Groups: Head of districts/sub districts CBO/KSM Formal school Health centers Community Action 1: PROMOTE COMPOSTING PRACTICES Atiit Communal composting for residential area Household composting (THM) Composting for school level: Elementary school Junior High School Financial ca Expected Support from Operated 3 composting Makassar centers at Rusunawa Established 2 composting Makassar, City composting & improving City,NGOs, Public Mariso, BTP Tamalanrea, centers at 2 residential area of Works () & Sambung Jawa composting centers Distributed 500 THM Distributed THM units Distributed THM units composting & awareness units community, NGOs campaign modules 35 school: 350 THM units 45 school: 450 THM units 60 school: 600 THM units 10 school: 150 THM & 40 aerobiccomposter 25 school: 250 THM & 100 aerobiccomposter 30 school: 450 THM & 180 aerobiccomposter school, Senior High 8 school: 80 THM & school: 130 THM & school: 345 THM & 115 School aerobiccomposter aerobiccomposter aerobiccomposter Composting at 60 centers: 67 THM 112 centers: 126 THM 136 centers: 150 THM health centers: Health centers Composting for 7 parks: 21 aerobic Established 1 composting park composter units center at nursery park Composting at Distributed 30 THM & 8 Distributed 25 THM & 8 Distributed 25 THM & 8 aerobic public facilities aerobic composter units aerobic composter units composter units (bus station) Compostingfor Established 1 composting traditional market center at 1 market OM for 3 composting OM support for 3 centers composting centers Operational OM support for 35 composting Procurement of support for Procurement of composting centers (including compost composting equipments composting center equipments for 1 centers for market) for 1 composting center composting center (Sambung Jawa) Procurement 1 unit transportation 1 unit transportation transportation for 2 units container for residue 2 units container for residue disposing residue collection collection to landfill composting and environmental education module for school. Makassar city, Makassar city, composting & modules composting & modules Action 2: ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS CAMPAIGN 2.1 Makassar Green & Clean (MGC) Selecting motivator person), facilitator team 2.2 & fasilitators for (50 person) and cadre environmental cadre team (1.500 person) 50 Districts 75 Districts 100 Districts person), facilitator team (75 person) and cadre team (2.250 person) person), facilitator team (100 person) and cadre team (3.000 person) Developing manual Draft manual Draft manual guideline of Dissemination guideline for solid guideline of waste 2.3 waste separation at manual of waste collection and source level at source level transportation Financial NGOs, private Makassar sectors, City,private sector, communities media MGC, media NGOs, private sectors, communities MGC, media private sector, media Expected Support from Technical assistance for developing Standard Operational Procedure (SOP) for solid waste at source level Shortcourse on policy to Japan for the decision makers level International training/shortcourse for improving 3.2 technical capacity on 3R implementation in Kitakyushu City/other cities in Japan 3.3 Study tour of waste (local/national l/ l level) l) Action 3: CAPACITY BUILDING it Financial Expected Support from Conducted shortcourse policy on waste Training package to Japan (program, local for the decision makers transport) level Conducted at least 1 time study tour on waste Assign at least 1 person of technical staff to international training Conducted at least 1 time study tour on (local/national level) (local/national level) Assign at least 1 person of technical staff to international training Conducted at least 1 time study tour on (local/national level) Training package (program, accomodation & local transport) Training program & NGOs,, local transport community, Action 4: PROMOTING RECYCLING PRODUCT Financial Expected Support from Research & Identify mechanism Development for of compost compost quality marketing and composition Identify compost demand/supply in Established piloting Established piloting 4.1 Promoting of & project for organic project for organic compost South Sulawesi farming farming Community, utilization Province promoting organic Promoting urban Promoting urban Promoting urban farming/urban farming & farming concept at farming concept at farming concept at introducing an household/resident household/residenti household/residential environmental business ial area (traditional al area (traditional herb plan, organic herb plan, organic area (traditional herb plan, organic system on recycling product for local vegetables, etc) vegetables, etc) vegetables, etc) government (LG) Identification the 4.2 Marketing for recycling handycraft products demand & capacity of recycling crafts production production in Identify mechanism of recycling crafts marketing 5.1 Establish PESAMAS team 5.2 Monitoring & evaluation Action 5: MONITORING FOR PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION Established PESAMAS team by Mayor decree (SK Walikota) Identify mechanism for project monitoring & evaluation Conducting monitoring & evaluation activity Conducting Conducting monitoring & monitoring & evaluation activity evaluation activity Identify lesson learnt & input for Identify lesson learnt & input for Identify lesson learnt & project project improvement improvement input for project improvement Makassar city, NGO Financial Makassar City Makassar PESAMAS team, City Expected Support from monitoring & evaluation scheme (including the monitoring & evaluation tools/software, etc)

5 CITY OF MAKASSAR Schematic Model for PESAMAS Implementation in Examples : Takakura Home Method (THM) and Aerobic Composter volume 110 ltr Waste Separation Organic Non organic Residue (untreated /non recycled waste) THM Communal centers recyclables Collected Individual Small medium size eterprises /SMEs (UKM) Recycled handicraft Transfer site/disosal site Industrial Recyclables Shop Individual

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