Yemen LNG Operational feedbacks

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Yemen LNG Operational feedbacks"

Transcription

1 Yemen LNG Operational feedbacks APCI Owners Seminar XI September

2 Yemen LNG - Agenda 1. Yemen LNG general presentation 2. Feedback on Plant restarts optimization 3. Other operational feedbacks 2

3 YEMEN LNG GENERAL PRESENTATION Shareholdersh OPCO / Total Technical Leader (39.6%) 3

4 YEMEN LNG GENERAL PRESENTATION Key project data Yemen largest industrial project 6.9 Mtpa Average 110 LNG cargoes per year Project Milestones: o o o o 1995: First GDA 2004: FID 2005: Site construction started Sept. 2009: Train 1 First LNG on 15 Oct. First export on 7 Nov Sales Contracts / 20 years TOTAL KOGAS GDF SUEZ 4

5 YEMEN LNG GENERAL PRESENTATION Upstream Facilities Transfer line 25 km 30 Main line km Gas supply to the LNG plant LNG Plant: 2 trains & terminal 5

6 YEMEN LNG GENERAL PRESENTATION 38 Pipeline profile 1000 m Transfer Line Sand dunes 1400 m Ascent Plateau 1700 m Descent 0 CPU 0 KPU Main Line Wadi & sand Plateau Ascent Plateau Descent BalHaf Basalt 6

7 YEMEN LNG GENERAL PRESENTATION Main line 7

8 YEMEN LNG GENERAL PRESENTATION Process description 2 identical trains design capacity of 6.9 Mtpa (6.7 guaranteed) Gas Pre-treatment: AGRU (Amine unit) Dehydration (molecular sieve) (Mercury bed) APCI C3-MR split process 2 spool wound type Main Cryogenic Heat exchanger (MCHE) of a guaranteed capacity to produce t/h per train (APCI) 2 MR and Propane compression packages ( Eliott) 4 Frame 7EA turbine packages driving refrigerant compressors (General Electric) 2 LNG storage tanks (2 x m3) 1J Jetty for up to 205, m3 vessels 8

9 YEMEN LNG GENERAL PRESENTATION Feed Gas Composition VV Lean V Lean Rich Component (Mol %) (Mol %) (Mol %) H H2S N CO C C C IC NC IC NC NC NC HHV ( ) ( ) ( ) 9

10 YEMEN LNG GENERAL PRESENTATION Key Figures 82% Yemenis in Operations teams Average of 170 expats on site ISO certification for Laboratory ISO certification ISRS Level 5 Indicators Design 1 Jan- 31 Jul 2013 LTIF TRIR RDL Production 445 t/h 465 t/h Reliability 99.5% ** Availability 95% * 96.0% ** Thermal efficiency 90.4% * 90.6% ** 10 * Target for 2013 ** Up to 31 st July 2013

11 FEEDBACK ON PLANT RESTARTS Shutdown events Plant restart duration 9 MCHE bottom temperature before restart (average 2 trains) 40 Num mber of days days saved Estimation (feed gas limi ted) MCHE bottom temperatur re (degc) 11 Note: Plant restart duration is from Pipeline pressurization to the 2 trains at full production

12 FEEDBACK ON PLANT RESTARTS Typical start-up t sequence Restart sequence 5 days Pipeline re-pressurization Trains restart 8h 12h 12h 24 to 36h 1 st Train Warm end restart => Gas on spec ready for cold end Pre cooldown => 30 C ready to start MR circulation Final cooldown => 1st LNG drop 144 C) Ramp up => maximum sustainable production (optimized process conditions) nd 2 nd Train Train 2 ramp up can be slow down due to Ethane shortage 12

13 FEEDBACK ON PLANT RESTARTS Optimization i of the restart t sequence Main challenges: - Pipeline re-pressurization - Restart sequence: Not possible to restart 2 trains at the same time (flare design) - Lean gas composition and Ethane inventory limitations Several axis of progress: Warm end restart Pre cooldown Final cooldown Ramp up Optimization of the inter-steps Pipeline pressurization and warm end restart almost Anticipation in parallel of the restart: Anticipation preparation of next during step shutdown Feedback tools Optimization i of each hstep 13

14 FEEDBACK ON PLANT RESTARTS Pre-restart t and Inter-steps t Reduction of the gap between 2 steps Coordination / planning PR and MR compressors restart anticipated Lessons learnt: Feedback before & after restart Good improvement : No gap between 2 consecutive steps Gain on the overall planning = 2 hours Pressurization Pressure optimization in the upstream sections < 70 barg From upstream and downstream sections at the same time Improvement = re-pressurization duration reduced by 10 hours 14

15 FEEDBACK ON PLANT RESTARTS MCHE pre-cooldown MCHE pre-cooldown to -30 degc Optimization of the cool down flow: Flow through MCHE is restricted by PV on shell side Optimization done by early opening of the JTs and drains Increased feed gas flow Homogeneous cooldown of the MCHE HP MR separator and lines up to MCHE Early cooldown recommended Done during pre-cooldown to be ready for final cooldown Gain on the overall planning = 10 hours LNG FEED GAS NGL REINJECTION MCHE HP MR sep 15

16 FEEDBACK ON PLANT RESTARTS MCHE final-cooldown ld Citi Critical step: degc Not possible to decrease the duration Nevertheless some optimizations done Control of the cooldown rate Material constraint = 28 deg/h maximum Temperature control difficult when the MR starts condensing LMR PDI VMR PDI Monitoring with the VMR & LMR coils PDIs Feed Gas flow adjustment 16

17 FEEDBACK ON PLANT RESTARTS Ethane management Major impact on the restart sequence: Very difficult to start LNG production without C2 in the MR loop Ramp-up strongly impacted by C2 shortage Lean feed gas composition Long time to build C2 inventory Minimum level to be kept in the C2 bullet at any time Recommendation during restart C2 make up sent tdirectly from de-c2 to MR loop C2 from C2 bullet: Priority for the 1 st Train To be be re-started as early as possible To produce C2 for the 2 nd Train 17

18 FEEDBACK ON PLANT RESTARTS End flash gas unit re-start t By design, no by pass of the EFG unit At least 4 hours required to cooldown the LNG pumps and End Flash drum Anticipation: During plant ramp-down: maximize the level in the EFG drum During plant shutdown: Monitor level in the EFG drum If required re-filling operations by reverse flow from the RDL Gain on the overall planning = 4 hours 18

19 FEEDBACK ON PLANT RESTARTS Plant ramp down and shutdown Pipeline de-pressurization and plant ramp down check list including: 1 train immediately stopped 1 train producing until pressure at CRF is 50 bara Minimum to operate the train Ease to PPL re-pressurization C2 inventory maximized during ramp-down Driers sequence stopped at the end of cycle 1 fresh drier ready for restart Plant shutdown Amine unit Amine circulation stopped to avoid gas losses through amine flash drum Filtration is kept running 19

20 FEEDBACK ON PLANT RESTARTS Restarts t optimization i - Conclusion 7 restarts t for both Trains Good improvement of the restart sequence, reduced by 1.2 days High level of experience of operators on restart operations Way forward: Keep the knowledge for next restarts Reduction of the flaring during re-start MR composition adjustment due to MCHE leak PV at the top of MCHE shell connected to the fuel gas network Not used because mainly N2 is vented To reduce C1 content in MR loop: HP MR separator is used Modification on-going to re-route this line to the fuel gas network (instead of flare) 20

21 OTHER OPERATIONAL FEEDBACKS Train 2 planned SD in May 2014 The biggest planned shutdown ever planned All the initial scope completed (Main: turbines HGPI*) 2 days ahead the schedule (6th May to 17th May 2013) Zero accident Frame 7 Hot Gas Path Inspection: turbines in very good condition 48 Vessels, Furnaces and Heat exchangers inspected (no major issue) Inlet orifice replaced on Train 2 Driers beds changed out ESDV downgraded situation rectified Elliot Compressors: replacement of 6 conical start up strainers by spacers * HGPI: Hot Gas Path Inspection 21

22 OTHER OPERATIONAL FEEDBACKS Train 2 Implementation ti of new venturi Benefits of reducing pressure drop: Increase the pipeline capacity Bigger buffer effect (packing/depacking) Fuel gas savings at Upstream Design flow rate Design DP 22

23 Yemen LNG Operational feedbacks THANK YOU APCI conference September

MLNG DUA DEBOTTLENECKING PROJECT

MLNG DUA DEBOTTLENECKING PROJECT MLNG DUA DEBOTTLENECKING PROJECT Yahya Ibrahim Senior General Manager Malaysia LNG Malaysia yahyai@petronas.com.my Tariq Shukri LNG Consultant Foster Wheeler Energy Limited Reading, U.K. Tariq_shukri@fwuk.fwc.com

More information

ADVANCED PROCESS CONTROL QATAR GAS ONE YEAR EXPERIENCE

ADVANCED PROCESS CONTROL QATAR GAS ONE YEAR EXPERIENCE ADVANCED PROCESS CONTROL QATAR GAS ONE YEAR EXPERIENCE Bouchebri El-Hadi Senior Process Engineer Benmouley Abdelkader Head of Process Qatar Liquefied Gas Company Limited. Ras Laffan Industrial Area, Doha,

More information

CONVERTING DOMINION COVE POINT LNG INTO BIDIRECTIONAL FACILITY

CONVERTING DOMINION COVE POINT LNG INTO BIDIRECTIONAL FACILITY CONVERTING DOMINION COVE POINT LNG INTO BIDIRECTIONAL FACILITY Pascal Bocherel, Jim Strohman, Juan Martinez Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP Brett Wink, Kamal Shah, John Ray IHI E & C International Corporation

More information

MITIGATION OF SEASONAL PRODUCTION LOSS FOR THREE PARALLEL 4.7MMTPA

MITIGATION OF SEASONAL PRODUCTION LOSS FOR THREE PARALLEL 4.7MMTPA 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION MITIGATION OF SEASONAL PRODUCTION LOSS FOR THREE PARALLEL 4.7MMTPA

More information

GAS CONDITIONING & PROCESSING TRAINING

GAS CONDITIONING & PROCESSING TRAINING Training Title GAS CONDITIONING & PROCESSING TRAINING Training Duration 5 days Training Venue and Dates Gas Conditioning & Processing 5 07 11 April $3,750 Dubai, UAE In any of the 5 star hotels. The exact

More information

Modular Oil & Gas Equipment Onshore & Offshore

Modular Oil & Gas Equipment Onshore & Offshore Modular Oil & Gas Equipment Onshore & Offshore Separators & Desalters AI Energy Solutions onshore and offshore oil process solutions offer innovative technologies packaged with global project management

More information

Floating LNG: The Challenges of production systems and well fluids management By: Frederic MOLLARD, TECHNIP France 04/19/2013

Floating LNG: The Challenges of production systems and well fluids management By: Frederic MOLLARD, TECHNIP France 04/19/2013 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) Floating LNG: The Challenges of production systems and well fluids management By: Frederic MOLLARD, TECHNIP France 04/19/2013

More information

Qualitative Phase Behavior and Vapor Liquid Equilibrium Core

Qualitative Phase Behavior and Vapor Liquid Equilibrium Core 2/22/2017 Qualitative Phase Behavior and Qualitative Phase Behavior Introduction There are three different phases: solid, liquid, and gas (vapor) Energy must be added to melt a solid to form liquid If

More information

DESIGN AND OPERATING EXPERIENCE FOR ANADARKO S LANCASTER FACILITY

DESIGN AND OPERATING EXPERIENCE FOR ANADARKO S LANCASTER FACILITY DESIGN AND OPERATING EXPERIENCE FOR ANADARKO S LANCASTER FACILITY Presented at the 95 th Annual Convention of the Processors Association April 11, 2016 New Orleans, Louisiana Joe T. Lynch, P.E. Ortloff

More information

Floating LNG Business A breakthrough in offshore gas monetization

Floating LNG Business A breakthrough in offshore gas monetization Floating LNG Business A breakthrough in offshore gas monetization LNG Malaysia Forum 2013 19-21 March, Kuala Lumpur Allan Magee, Ph.D. R&D Manager, Offshore Product Line and Technologies, Technip Geoproduction

More information

LNG Plant Overview. Seminar with Supplier Association Murmanshelf Murmansk, 15 May 2012 Jostein Pettersen

LNG Plant Overview. Seminar with Supplier Association Murmanshelf Murmansk, 15 May 2012 Jostein Pettersen LNG Plant Overview Seminar with Supplier Association Murmanshelf Murmansk, 15 May 2012 Jostein Pettersen Table of Content Part 1 : LNG plant overview (Jostein) Part 2 : Main equipment units (Jostein) Part

More information

Precooling strategies for efficient natural gas liquefaction

Precooling strategies for efficient natural gas liquefaction Originally appeared in: September/October 217, pgs 19-29. Used with permission. SPECIAL FOCUS: LNG TECHNOLOGY Precooling strategies for efficient natural gas liquefaction G. KRISHNAMURTHY, M. J. ROBERTS

More information

INCREASING THE CAPACITY OF NGL RECOVERY TRAINS. Stéphane MESPOULHES XVI CONVENCIÓN INTERNACIONAL DE GAS Caracas de Mayo de 2004

INCREASING THE CAPACITY OF NGL RECOVERY TRAINS. Stéphane MESPOULHES XVI CONVENCIÓN INTERNACIONAL DE GAS Caracas de Mayo de 2004 INCREASING THE CAPACITY OF NGL RECOVERY TRAINS Stéphane MESPOULHES XVI CONVENCIÓN INTERNACIONAL DE GAS Caracas WHO IS TECHNIP? 2 World Class Engineering & Construction Group in Oil & Gas Public Company

More information

THE YEMEN LNG PROJECT LE PROJET GNL YEMEN

THE YEMEN LNG PROJECT LE PROJET GNL YEMEN THE YEMEN LNG PROJECT LE PROJET GNL YEMEN Jean Paul Azalbert Dr. Khaled Muhsin Frank Kern Yemen LNG Company Republic of Yemen ABSTRACT The Yemen LNG Project is on its way now for two years. The paper focuses

More information

DSLNG Project Update. Andy Karamoy PT Donggi Senoro LNG. 4 th LNG Supply, Transport and Storage Indonesia May 2014 Bali, Indonesia

DSLNG Project Update. Andy Karamoy PT Donggi Senoro LNG. 4 th LNG Supply, Transport and Storage Indonesia May 2014 Bali, Indonesia DSLNG Project Update Andy Karamoy PT Donggi Senoro LNG 4 th LNG Supply, Transport and Storage Indonesia 19-21 May 2014 Bali, Indonesia Table of Contents 1. Introduction of Donggi Senoro LNG Project 2.

More information

UNIQUE DESIGN CHALLENGES IN THE AUX SABLE NGL RECOVERY PLANT

UNIQUE DESIGN CHALLENGES IN THE AUX SABLE NGL RECOVERY PLANT UNIQUE DESIGN CHALLENGES IN THE AUX SABLE NGL RECOVERY PLANT Presented at the 81 st Annual Convention of the Gas Processors Association March 11, 2002 Dallas, Texas Joe T. Lynch, P.E. Ortloff Engineers,

More information

REFRIGERATION CYCLES

REFRIGERATION CYCLES REFRIGERATION CYCLES Carnot Cycle We start discussing the well-known Carnot cycle in its refrigeration mode. Figure 2-1: Carnot Cycle In this cycle we define the coefficient of performance as follows:

More information

Simple Dew Point Control HYSYS v8.6

Simple Dew Point Control HYSYS v8.6 Simple Dew Point Control HYSYS v8.6 Steps to set up a simulation in HYSYS v8.6 to model a simple dew point control system consisting of: Gas chiller Flash separator Liquid stabilizer with gas recycle &

More information

Optimising. the LNG process. The rapidly expanding global LNG industry continues. Projects

Optimising. the LNG process. The rapidly expanding global LNG industry continues. Projects Optimising the LNG process John Baguley, Liquefied Natural Gas Ltd, Australia, outlines the benefits of an innovative liquefaction process technology for mid scale LNG projects. The rapidly expanding global

More information

AKAKUS OIL OPERATIONS- LIBYA Gas Utilization& Flare Emission Reduction Project

AKAKUS OIL OPERATIONS- LIBYA Gas Utilization& Flare Emission Reduction Project Tripoli, Libya 2010 AKAKUS OIL OPERATIONS- LIBYA Gas Utilization& Flare Emission Reduction Project Presented by: Mohamed Amari Project Location Tripoli, Libya 2010 N Tunisia Tripoli Mediterranean Sea Benghazi

More information

Technical Innovation for Floating LNG. Bengt Olav Neeraas & Jostein Pettersen, Statoil ASA

Technical Innovation for Floating LNG. Bengt Olav Neeraas & Jostein Pettersen, Statoil ASA Technical Innovation for Floating LNG Bengt Olav Neeraas & Jostein Pettersen, Statoil ASA Table of contents Relevant know how for FLNG FLNG concept development Technology development & innovation Conclusions

More information

A new re-liquefaction system of MRS-F (Methane Refrigeration System Full re-liquefaction) for LNG Carriers

A new re-liquefaction system of MRS-F (Methane Refrigeration System Full re-liquefaction) for LNG Carriers A new re-liquefaction system of MRS-F (Methane Refrigeration System Full re-liquefaction) for LNG Carriers DongKyu Choi *, Hyunjun Shin DAEWOO SHIPBUILDING AND MARINE ENGINEERING Co., Ltd. Dual fuel slow-speed

More information

Downsizing a Claus Sulfur Recovery Unit

Downsizing a Claus Sulfur Recovery Unit INFRASTRUCTURE MINING & METALS NUCLEAR, SECURITY & ENVIRONMENTAL Downsizing a Claus Sulfur Recovery Unit OIL, GAS & CHEMICALS By Charles L. Kimtantas and Martin A. Taylor ckimtant@bechtel.com & mataylo1@bechtel.com

More information

NEW RECYCLE PROCESS SCHEME FOR HIGH ETHANE RECOVERY NEW PROCESS SCHEME FOR HIGH NGL RECOVERY INTRODUCTION. Abstract PROCESS FUNDAMENTALS

NEW RECYCLE PROCESS SCHEME FOR HIGH ETHANE RECOVERY NEW PROCESS SCHEME FOR HIGH NGL RECOVERY INTRODUCTION. Abstract PROCESS FUNDAMENTALS Author: Jorge Foglietta, ABB Randall Corporation Tel (713) 821-4313, Fax (713) 821-3544 Mailing Address: Randall Division ABB Lummus Global Inc. P.O. Box 420087 Houston, Texas 77242-0087 NEW PROCESS SCHEME

More information

LNG BASELOAD PLANT IN XINJIANG, CHINA - COMMERCIALISATION OF REMOTE GAS RESOURCES FOR AN ECO-RESPONSIBLE FUTURE

LNG BASELOAD PLANT IN XINJIANG, CHINA - COMMERCIALISATION OF REMOTE GAS RESOURCES FOR AN ECO-RESPONSIBLE FUTURE BASELOAD PLANT IN XINJIA, CHINA - COMMERCIALISATION OF REMOTE GAS RESOURCES FOR AN ECO-RESPONSIBLE FUTURE Eginhard Berger, Linde AG Linde Engineering Division Xiang Dong, Xinjiang Guanghui Industry and

More information

Dominion Cove Point Export Project Platts 16 th Annual Liquefied Natural Gas February 9, 2017

Dominion Cove Point Export Project Platts 16 th Annual Liquefied Natural Gas February 9, 2017 Dominion Cove Point Export Project Platts 16 th Annual Liquefied Natural Gas February 9, 2017 Note to Investors This presentation contains certain forward-looking statements, including projected future

More information

MOLECULAR GATE TECHNOLOGY FOR (SMALLER SCALE) LNG PRETREATMENT

MOLECULAR GATE TECHNOLOGY FOR (SMALLER SCALE) LNG PRETREATMENT MOLECULAR GATE TECHNOLOGY FOR (SMALLER SCALE) LNG PRETREATMENT Presented at the 2010 Gas Processors 89 th Annual Convention Austin, TX March, 2010 Michael Mitariten, P.E. Guild Associates, Inc. Dublin,

More information

LNG PROCESS USES AERODERIVATIVE GAS TURBINES AND TANDEM COMPRESSORS

LNG PROCESS USES AERODERIVATIVE GAS TURBINES AND TANDEM COMPRESSORS 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) LNG PROCESS USES AERODERIVATIVE GAS TURBINES

More information

NOVEL SCHEME FOR SMALL SCALE LNG PRODUCTION in POLAND. W.H. Isalski

NOVEL SCHEME FOR SMALL SCALE LNG PRODUCTION in POLAND. W.H. Isalski NOVEL SCHEME FOR SMALL SCALE LNG PRODUCTION in POLAND W.H. Isalski Presentation Overview The history of gas de-nitrogenation in Poland Changes in feed gas Changes in market conditions Expanding market

More information

Heat Recovery Systems and Heat Exchangers in LNG Applications. Landon Tessmer LNG Technical Workshop 2014 Vancouver

Heat Recovery Systems and Heat Exchangers in LNG Applications. Landon Tessmer LNG Technical Workshop 2014 Vancouver Heat Recovery Systems and Heat Exchangers in LNG Applications Landon Tessmer LNG Technical Workshop 2014 Vancouver Presentation Overview LNG plant arrangement with heat recovery (OSMR Process by LNG Limited)

More information

LNG UNIT (ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINE)

LNG UNIT (ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINE) Page : 1 of 60 Guidelines for Processing Plant www.klmtechgroup.com Rev 01 KLM Technology #03-12 Block Aronia, Jalan Sri Perkasa 2 Taman Tampoi Utama 81200 Johor Bahru Malaysia (ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINE)

More information

A NOVEL DESIGN FOR MTPA LNG TRAINS

A NOVEL DESIGN FOR MTPA LNG TRAINS A NOVEL DESIGN FOR 10-12 MTPA TRAINS Sander Kaart Wiveka Elion Barend Pek Rob Klein Nagelvoort Shell Global Solutions International B.V. P.O. Box 541, 2501 CM The Hague, The Netherlands ABSTRACT Shell

More information

Natural Gas. and the Liquefaction Process

Natural Gas. and the Liquefaction Process Natural Gas and the Liquefaction Process Table of Contents Cameron LNG.................... 2 Liquefied Natural Gas................ 4 LNG Safety...................... 5 Environmental Safety................

More information

GS Quest CCS Project RAM Study Final Report

GS Quest CCS Project RAM Study Final Report GS.10.52419 Quest CCS Project RAM Study Final Report Quest CCS Project RAM Study Final Report by R.M. Stephens GS.10.52419 1 Document History Date Issue Reason for Change Author Approved by November 21,

More information

Modified Reverse-Brayton Cycles for Efficient Liquefaction of Natural Gas

Modified Reverse-Brayton Cycles for Efficient Liquefaction of Natural Gas Modified Reverse-Brayton Cycles for Efficient Liquefaction of Natural Gas H.M. Chang 1, J.H. Park 1, K.S. Cha 2, S. Lee 2 and K.H. Choe 2 1 Hong Ik University, Seoul, Korea 121-791 2 Korea Gas Corporation,

More information

Maximising LNG revenue by operating at peak performance

Maximising LNG revenue by operating at peak performance Maximising LNG revenue by operating at peak performance Brian Barr, Robin Pearsall, Jim Bronfenbrenner Air Products and Chemicals Inc. 7201 Hamilton Boulevard Allentown, PA 18195-1501 Meshal Hassan Al-Mohannadi

More information

Brownfield Projects. Equinox Engineering

Brownfield Projects. Equinox Engineering BROWNFIELD PROJECTS Equinox Engineering Brownfield Projects Equinox Engineering Ltd. is a world class provider of EPCM services to the global oil and gas marketplace. Founded in 1997, Equinox has successfully

More information

OPTIMISATION OF ANGLO PLATINUM S ACP ACID PLANT CATALYTIC CONVERTER. M. K. SICHONE Anglo Platinum, ACP, Kroondal, South Africa

OPTIMISATION OF ANGLO PLATINUM S ACP ACID PLANT CATALYTIC CONVERTER. M. K. SICHONE Anglo Platinum, ACP, Kroondal, South Africa OPTIMISATION OF ANGLO PLATINUM S ACP ACID PLANT CATALYTIC CONVERTER Anglo Platinum, ACP, Kroondal, South Africa ABSTRACT Anglo Platinum s Waterval smelting complex based in South Africa operates the Anglo

More information

ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17)

ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) HOW TO DEVELOP AN ECONOMICAL SMALL CAPACITY FLOATING

More information

31 st International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Siófok 6 th October 2017

31 st International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Siófok 6 th October 2017 A rolling stone gathers no moss Adaption of advanced process control system and optimization of technology process for energy efficiency improvement in Algyő Gasplant Bodócs Attila abodocs@mol.hu Kormányos

More information

17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17)

17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17)

More information

Gas Processors Association Europe Promoting technical and operational excellence throughout the European Gas Industry

Gas Processors Association Europe Promoting technical and operational excellence throughout the European Gas Industry Gas Processors Association Europe Promoting technical and operational excellence throughout the European Gas Industry Gas pre-treatment on Molecular Sieves: Floating LNG specificities Alexandre TERRIGEOL

More information

Gas Enhanced Membrane Fuel Gas Conditioning Solutions for Compressor Stations with Ultra High BTU Gases in Oil-rich Shale Plays

Gas Enhanced Membrane Fuel Gas Conditioning Solutions for Compressor Stations with Ultra High BTU Gases in Oil-rich Shale Plays Gas Enhanced Membrane Fuel Gas Conditioning Solutions for Compressor Stations with Ultra High BTU Gases in Oil-rich Shale Plays Authors: (a) Sachin Joshi, Priyanka Tiwari and Kaaeid Lokhandwala, Membrane

More information

Advanced Equipment Manufacturing

Advanced Equipment Manufacturing Advanced Equipment Manufacturing Fangzhou Hu UOP LLC, A Honeywell Company US-China Oil & Gas Industry Forum September 16-18, 2015 Chongqing, China A Century of Innovation in the Oil and Gas Industry 2015

More information

Hydrate Formation in Chevron Mabee Unit for NGL Recovery and CO 2 Purification for EOR. Abstract

Hydrate Formation in Chevron Mabee Unit for NGL Recovery and CO 2 Purification for EOR. Abstract Hydrate Formation in Chevron Mabee Unit for NGL Recovery and CO 2 Purification for EOR Abstract In the early 199 s, Chevron installed a new process to recover natural gas liquids (NGLs) from recycled CO

More information

Vapor Recovery Units: Agenda

Vapor Recovery Units: Agenda Reducing Methane Emissions with Vapor Recovery on Storage Tanks Technology Transfer Workshop PEMEX & Environmental Protection Agency, USA April 25, 2006 Villahermosa, Mexico Vapor Recovery Units: Agenda

More information

Item Hydrogen Gas Plant

Item Hydrogen Gas Plant Item 6530. Hydrogen Gas Plant Hydro-Chem Hydrogen Generating Plant 90,000 scfh @ 200 psig. Purity 99.99% Hydrogen generating plant engineered by Hydro-Chem built in 1980. Design capacity is 90,000 scfh

More information

CCS Learning from the LNG Sector

CCS Learning from the LNG Sector CCS Learning from the LNG Sector A Report for the Global CCS Institute 401010-01060 00-PM-REP-0001 12 December 2013 Hydrocarbons Level 12, 333 Collins Street Melbourne VIC 3000 Australia Telephone: +61

More information

LNG Technology Session & Panel General Electric Company - All rights reserved

LNG Technology Session & Panel General Electric Company - All rights reserved LNG Technology Session & Panel 2017 General Electric Company - All rights reserved GE & LNG 30+ YEARS of innovation & excellence GE Oil & Gas designs and delivers industry-leading systems that continually

More information

Improving Natural Gas Liquefaction Plant Performance with Process Analyzers

Improving Natural Gas Liquefaction Plant Performance with Process Analyzers Process Analytics Improving Natural Gas Liquefaction Plant Performance with Process Analyzers LNG is natural gas in its liquid state with high energy density, which makes it useful for storage and transportation

More information

GLADSTONE LNG leads the way with its first LNG shipment in 2012

GLADSTONE LNG leads the way with its first LNG shipment in 2012 GLADSTONE LNG leads the way with its first LNG shipment in 2012 LNG Business Model Development of mid-scale LNG projects of up to 1.5 million tonne per annum (Mtpa) production capacity per LNG train, based

More information

Vancouver Wharves Diesel Handling Facility Expansion Project

Vancouver Wharves Diesel Handling Facility Expansion Project Vancouver Wharves Diesel Handling Facility Expansion Project March 2018 1 Project Information 1. Vancouver Wharves Today 2. Project Rationale 3. Project Overview New Tanks, Railcar and Vessels 4. Project

More information

Simple Dew Point Control HYSYS v10. When the simulation is set up the overall PFD should look like the following figure.

Simple Dew Point Control HYSYS v10. When the simulation is set up the overall PFD should look like the following figure. Simple Dew Point Control HYSYS v10 Steps to set up a simulation in HYSYS v10 to model a simple dew point control system consisting of: Gas chiller Flash separator Liquid stabilizer with gas recycle & compression

More information

The Potential and Challenges of Solar Boosted Heat Pumps for Domestic Hot Water Heating

The Potential and Challenges of Solar Boosted Heat Pumps for Domestic Hot Water Heating The Potential and Challenges of Solar Boosted Heat Pumps for Domestic Hot Water Heating Stephen Harrison Ph.D., P. Eng., Solar Calorimetry, Dept. of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Queen s University,

More information

Ortloff NGL/LPG Recovery, CO2 Separation and Sulfur Recovery Technologies

Ortloff NGL/LPG Recovery, CO2 Separation and Sulfur Recovery Technologies Ortloff NGL/LPG Recovery, CO2 Separation and Sulfur Recovery Technologies CORE BUSINESS NGL, LPG, AND LNG TECHNOLOGY SULFUR RECOVERY TECHNOLOGY HISTORY OF ORTLOFF The Ortloff Corporation (1960-1985) Turnkey

More information

ENERGY MANAGEMENT INITIATIVE AT PETRONAS LNG COMPLEX

ENERGY MANAGEMENT INITIATIVE AT PETRONAS LNG COMPLEX ENERGY MANAGEMENT INITIATIVE AT PETRONAS LNG COMPLEX AUTHORS: ABDUL HALIM CHE ABAS AZMI ABD RAHMAN FRANKY BUDIT OMAR TECHNICAL SERVICES DEPARTMENT MALAYSIA LNG SDN BHD Page 1 of 11 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0

More information

BASED ON EXPERIENCE TGE GAS ENGINEERING EPC EXECUTION OF BOREALIS ETHANE TANK PROJECT

BASED ON EXPERIENCE TGE GAS ENGINEERING EPC EXECUTION OF BOREALIS ETHANE TANK PROJECT BASED ON EXPERIENCE TGE GAS ENGINEERING EPC EXECUTION OF BOREALIS ETHANE TANK PROJECT www.tge-gas.com 24/10/2016 Page 1 CONTENT Overview on the Services and Experience of TGE Gas Engineering GmbH Project

More information

Natural Gas Facilities & Pipelines

Natural Gas Facilities & Pipelines Natural Gas Facilities & Pipelines Equinox Engineering Ltd. Equinox Engineering Ltd is a world class provider of EPCM services to the global oil and gas marketplace. Founded in 1997, Equinox has successfully

More information

PROCESS RETROFITS MAXIMIZE THE VALUE OF EXISTING NGL AND LPG RECOVERY PLANTS

PROCESS RETROFITS MAXIMIZE THE VALUE OF EXISTING NGL AND LPG RECOVERY PLANTS PROCESS RETROFITS MAXIMIZE THE VALUE OF EXISTING NGL AND LPG RECOVERY PLANTS Presented at the 82 nd Annual Convention of the Gas Processors Association March 10, 2003 San Antonio, Texas Joe T. Lynch, P.E.

More information

Green FSRU for the future

Green FSRU for the future Green FSRU for the future Presentation at GREEN4SEA Athens April 6 th 2016 Dr. John Kokarakis Vice President Technology & Business Development, Africa, S. Europe Hellenic, Black Sea & Middle East Zone

More information

Gastech Singapore October Capital Cost and Efficiency Data for the ZR-LNG Dual Methane Expander Liquefaction Technology

Gastech Singapore October Capital Cost and Efficiency Data for the ZR-LNG Dual Methane Expander Liquefaction Technology Gastech Singapore October 2015 Capital Cost and Efficiency Data for the ZR-LNG Dual Methane Expander Liquefaction Technology Authors: GW Howe, GF Skinner, AD Maunder Presenter: GW Howe Introduction LNG

More information

17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17)

17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) 17 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG 17) The LNG Terminal

More information

Improving energy efficiency in an ammonia plant

Improving energy efficiency in an ammonia plant Improving energy efficiency in an ammonia plant D. Velázquez, F. Rossi and J. Rodríguez of DVA Global Energy Services and F.Galindo of Fertiberia present the results of an energy study carried out in an

More information

Teknologi Pemrosesan Gas (TKK 564) Instructor: Dr. Istadi (http://tekim.undip.ac.id/staf/istadi )

Teknologi Pemrosesan Gas (TKK 564) Instructor: Dr. Istadi (http://tekim.undip.ac.id/staf/istadi ) Teknologi Pemrosesan Gas (TKK 564) Instructor: Dr. Istadi (http://tekim.undip.ac.id/staf/istadi ) Email: istadi@undip.ac.id id Instructor s t Background BEng. (1995): Universitas Diponegoro Meng. (2000):

More information

SPE DISTINGUISHED LECTURER SERIES is funded principally through a grant of the SPE FOUNDATION

SPE DISTINGUISHED LECTURER SERIES is funded principally through a grant of the SPE FOUNDATION SPE DISTINGUISHED LECTURER SERIES is funded principally through a grant of the SPE FOUNDATION The Society gratefully acknowledges those companies that support the program by allowing their professionals

More information

USING PROCESS SIMULATORS WILL MAKE YOUR PLANT MORE PRODUCTIVE AND EFFICIENT ABSTRACT

USING PROCESS SIMULATORS WILL MAKE YOUR PLANT MORE PRODUCTIVE AND EFFICIENT ABSTRACT USING PROCESS SIMULATORS WILL MAKE YOUR PLANT MORE PRODUCTIVE AND EFFICIENT W.G. Trey Brown Bryan Research and Engineering, Inc. Bryan, Texas, U.S.A. Leonard Ochs Williams Tulsa, Oklahoma, U.S.A. J.W.

More information

Heat Integration of an Oxy-Combustion Process for Coal- Fired Power Plants with CO 2 Capture by Pinch Analysis

Heat Integration of an Oxy-Combustion Process for Coal- Fired Power Plants with CO 2 Capture by Pinch Analysis CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS Volume 21, 2010 Editor J. J. Klemeš, H. L. Lam, P. S. Varbanov Copyright 2010, AIDIC Servizi S.r.l., ISBN 978-88-95608-05-1 ISSN 1974-9791 DOI: 10.3303/CET1021031 181

More information

ECO-FRIENDLY LNG SRV: COMPLETION OF THE REGAS TRIAL

ECO-FRIENDLY LNG SRV: COMPLETION OF THE REGAS TRIAL International Gas Union Research Conference 2011 ECO-FRIENDLY LNG SRV: COMPLETION OF THE REGAS TRIAL Youngchul.Eum Seunghyuk.Kim Kyoungmin.Doh MunKeun.Ha SAMSUNG HEAVY INDUSTRIES, Geoje-Si, Gyeongsangnam-do,

More information

Natural Gas STAR Methane Challenge Program: Supplementary Technical Information for ONE Future Commitment Option

Natural Gas STAR Methane Challenge Program: Supplementary Technical Information for ONE Future Commitment Option Natural Gas STAR Methane Challenge Program: Supplementary Technical Information for ONE Future Commitment Option 1 Contents Introduction... 4 Methane Challenge Program Reporting... 4 Emission Sources...

More information

Case Studies in Energy Efficiency and Water Conservation Projects

Case Studies in Energy Efficiency and Water Conservation Projects Case Studies in Energy Efficiency and Water Conservation Projects Introduction About PepsiCo World leader in convenient snacks, foods and beverages + $60 billion revenues + 285,000 employees Fortune 50

More information

Infrastructure Code of Practice

Infrastructure Code of Practice Infrastructure Code of Practice The non-statutory Code of Practice on Access to Upstream Oil and Gas Infrastructure on the UK Continental Shelf (also known as the Infrastructure Code of Practice ) was

More information

The Progress of Osaki CoolGen Project

The Progress of Osaki CoolGen Project The Progress of Osaki CoolGen Project ~ Oxygen-blown Integrated Coal Gasification Fuel Cell Combined Cycle Demonstration Project ~ September, 2017 Osaki Coolgen Corporation 1 Outline 1. Background and

More information

DYNAMIC SIMULATION FOR DESIGN IMPROVEMENTS, COST REDUCTION AND OPERATIONAL STABILITY IN LNG PLANT DESIGN

DYNAMIC SIMULATION FOR DESIGN IMPROVEMENTS, COST REDUCTION AND OPERATIONAL STABILITY IN LNG PLANT DESIGN DYNAMIC SIMULATION FOR DESIGN IMPROVEMENTS, COST REDUCTION AND OPERATIONAL STABILITY IN LNG PLANT DESIGN SIMULATION DYNAMIQUE POUR L AMELIORATION DU PROCEDE, REDUCTION DES COUT, ET STABILITE DE L OPERATION

More information

OIL & GAS DOWNSTREAM ASSET OPTIMISATION AND COMPLIANCE FOR PROCESS INDUSTRIES, STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION

OIL & GAS DOWNSTREAM ASSET OPTIMISATION AND COMPLIANCE FOR PROCESS INDUSTRIES, STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION OIL & GAS DOWNSTREAM ASSET OPTIMISATION AND COMPLIANCE FOR PROCESS INDUSTRIES, STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION COSTAIN DOWNSTREAM SERVICES Cost effective and risk managed asset optimisation and compliance for

More information

Filtration Applications for the Refining & Petrochemical Industries

Filtration Applications for the Refining & Petrochemical Industries Refining Petrochemicals Filtration Applications for the Refining & Petrochemical Industries Process Proven Performance Quality Filtration Made Simple Filtration Applications for the Refinery & Petrochemical

More information

CCI. Aftermarket. Services

CCI. Aftermarket. Services CCI Aftermarket Services Industries Served A Partner you can trust Of all process plant equipment, valves are some of the most abundant and critical components supporting the safe and efficient operation

More information

Brazed aluminium heat exchangers (BAHXs), also referred to

Brazed aluminium heat exchangers (BAHXs), also referred to Brazed aluminium heat exchangers (BAHXs), also referred to as plate fin heat exchangers, are at the heart of many of the processes used for the liquefaction of natural gas. They are deployed across the

More information

Green Energy Guild Molecular Gate Technology. Digester Gas Treatment for Energy Production / Pipeline Gas Production from WWTP Digester Gas

Green Energy Guild Molecular Gate Technology. Digester Gas Treatment for Energy Production / Pipeline Gas Production from WWTP Digester Gas Green Energy Guild Molecular Gate Technology Digester Gas Treatment for Energy Production / Pipeline Gas Production from WWTP Digester Gas The Ohio Water Environment Association 2009 BioSolids Systems

More information

Investigation into the Process and Economic Feasibility of LNG Production From Bolivian Natural Gas. Muhannad Rabeh Travis Spain Keith Orendorff

Investigation into the Process and Economic Feasibility of LNG Production From Bolivian Natural Gas. Muhannad Rabeh Travis Spain Keith Orendorff Investigation into the Process and Economic Feasibility of LNG Production From Bolivian Natural Gas Muhannad Rabeh Travis Spain Keith Orendorff TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...5 INTRODUCTION...6

More information

Methane Recovery from Pneumatic Devices, Vapor Recovery Units and Dehydrators

Methane Recovery from Pneumatic Devices, Vapor Recovery Units and Dehydrators Methane Recovery from Pneumatic Devices, Vapor Recovery Units and Dehydrators Ministerio de Minas y Energia Ministerio de Ambiente, Vivienda y Desarrollo Territorial Occidental Oil & Gas Corporation and

More information

Optimization of well performance by use of a semi-permanent dynamic desander

Optimization of well performance by use of a semi-permanent dynamic desander Optimization of well performance by use of a semi-permanent dynamic desander By Asle Sandven / Ted Brueren MSc. SPE SMN European Sand Management Forum 26-27 March 2014 Classification: Open 2013-03-26 Agenda

More information

Absorption Refrigeration Cycle Turbine Inlet Conditioning. Luke Buntz ARCTIC Engineer Kiewit Power Engineers Co. ARCTIC

Absorption Refrigeration Cycle Turbine Inlet Conditioning. Luke Buntz ARCTIC Engineer Kiewit Power Engineers Co. ARCTIC Absorption Refrigeration Cycle Turbine Inlet Conditioning Luke Buntz Engineer Kiewit Power Engineers Co. 1 Overview 2 Generator Output (MW) The Problem Why chill? Increased fuel efficiency (fewer emissions)

More information

AP1000 European 15. Accident Analysis Design Control Document

AP1000 European 15. Accident Analysis Design Control Document 15.2 Decrease in Heat Removal by the Secondary System A number of transients and accidents that could result in a reduction of the capacity of the secondary system to remove heat generated in the reactor

More information

Value of Air Source Heat Pumps in Light of Variable Energy Prices. Jeff Haase. Energy Design Conference February 27, 2013

Value of Air Source Heat Pumps in Light of Variable Energy Prices. Jeff Haase. Energy Design Conference February 27, 2013 Value of Air Source Heat Pumps in Light of Variable Energy Prices Jeff Haase Energy Design Conference February 27, 2013 Agenda Overview of Air Source Heat Pump Technologies History, General Comparison

More information

Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes

Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes ChE 464 Instructor: Dr. Ahmed Arafat, PhD Office: building 45 room 106 E-mail: akhamis@kau.edu.sa www.kau.edu.sa.akhamis files Book Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes

More information

MicroTurbine CHP Applications for Oil and Gas Industry

MicroTurbine CHP Applications for Oil and Gas Industry MicroTurbine CHP Applications for Oil and Gas Industry January 2008 Lee Richards Director, O&G Sales What is a MicroTurbine? Power generator driven by a small scale gas turbine Electrical efficiency of

More information

20/06/2011 Seminar on Geothermal Exploitation Santiago de Chile

20/06/2011 Seminar on Geothermal Exploitation Santiago de Chile Contents Power Plants Steam Power plants Binary Power plants Geothermal Power Plants Single flash systems Binary systems 1 Equipment Well head Gathering piping system Steam separators and moisture separators

More information

- The Osaki CoolGen Project -

- The Osaki CoolGen Project - Realization of Innovative High Efficiency and Low Emission Coal Fired Power Plant - The Osaki CoolGen Project - Kenji Aiso Osaki Coolgen Corporation Outline 1. Background 2. Gasification Technology 3.

More information

Ample supplies of LNG have created a low

Ample supplies of LNG have created a low Pretreatment improvements Trevor Smith and Raj Palla, Honeywell UOP, USA, discuss advances in LNG pretreatment technology and delivery models. Ample supplies of LNG have created a low price environment,

More information

Enhanced Reliability, Efficiency and Availability

Enhanced Reliability, Efficiency and Availability Enhanced Reliability, Efficiency and Availability Enhanced Reliability, Efficiency, and Availability LNG Facilities Prepared for March 16, 2005 - Bilbao, Spain Session 11: Applications & Utilizations of

More information

Progress on CO 2 Capture Pilot Plant at RIST

Progress on CO 2 Capture Pilot Plant at RIST IEAGHG/IETS Iron & Steel Industry CCUS & Process Integration Workshop Date: 5th to 7th November 2013 Tokyo Tech Front, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan Progress on CO 2 Capture Pilot Plant at RIST

More information

Pinch Analysis for Power Plant: A Novel Approach for Increase in Efficiency

Pinch Analysis for Power Plant: A Novel Approach for Increase in Efficiency Pinch Analysis for Power Plant: A Novel Approach for Increase in Efficiency S. R. Sunasara 1, J. J. Makadia 2 * 1,2 Mechanical Engineering Department, RK University Kasturbadham, Rajkot-Bhavngar highway,

More information

HEATMAX. Mechanical Installation and Commissioning Instructions HEATMAX

HEATMAX. Mechanical Installation and Commissioning Instructions HEATMAX HEATMAX Mechanical Installation and Commissioning Instructions HEATMAX 1. General Safety Information 2. General Product Information 3. Installation 4. Commissioning 5. Maintenance -----------------------------------------

More information

Engineered Hot Water Systems. For your specific requirements

Engineered Hot Water Systems. For your specific requirements Engineered Hot Water Systems For your specific requirements Experience is Central to Every Solution Armstrong is a global leader in providing integrated, intelligent hot water generation and water temperature

More information

a comparative study of secondary glycol and direct expansion refrigeration systems

a comparative study of secondary glycol and direct expansion refrigeration systems a comparative study of secondary glycol and direct expansion refrigeration systems Second Nature Medium-Temperature secondary systems have been widely applied in commercial refrigeration since their introduction

More information

Floating LNG: Origins and Future Impact on the LNG Industry

Floating LNG: Origins and Future Impact on the LNG Industry Floating LNG: Origins and Future Impact on the LNG Industry SPE Gulf Coast Region Ing. Paul Sullivan SVP Global LNG + FLNG - Worley Parsons 13 th July 2016 WP LNG Centres Vancouver LNG Marine I&E Houston

More information

The Importance of Infrastructure in Expanding Gas Demand. - Nanang Untung -

The Importance of Infrastructure in Expanding Gas Demand. - Nanang Untung - The Importance of Infrastructure in Expanding Gas Demand - Nanang Untung - LNG Malaysia Forum 2013 Kuala Lumpur, March 21 st, 2013 DISCLAIMER The presentation is made solely for the purpose of this event

More information

WASTE HEAT BOILERS FOR NITRIC ACID, CAPROLACTAM AND FORMALDEHYDE PLANTS

WASTE HEAT BOILERS FOR NITRIC ACID, CAPROLACTAM AND FORMALDEHYDE PLANTS WASTE HEAT BOILERS FOR NITRIC ACID, CAPROLACTAM AND FORMALDEHYDE PLANTS BORSIG The Company BORSIG Process Heat Exchanger GmbH, a member of the BORSIG Group, is the international leading manufacturer of

More information

ASSOCIATED PETROLEUM GAS UTILISATION IN RUSSIA

ASSOCIATED PETROLEUM GAS UTILISATION IN RUSSIA PETROLEUM UTILISATION IN RUSSIA ABOUT PETROLEUM Associated petroleum gas (APG) is the gas dissolved in oil fluids, which contains methane, a common natural gas, and natural gas liquids (NGLs) used as fuel

More information

Example Pressurized Water Reactor Defense-in-Depth Measures For GSI-191, PWR Sump Performance

Example Pressurized Water Reactor Defense-in-Depth Measures For GSI-191, PWR Sump Performance Example Pressurized Water Reactor Defense-in-Depth Measures For GSI-191, PWR Sump Performance ATTACHMENT Introduction This paper describes a range of defense-in-depth measures that either currently exist

More information