LNG BASELOAD PLANT IN XINJIANG, CHINA - COMMERCIALISATION OF REMOTE GAS RESOURCES FOR AN ECO-RESPONSIBLE FUTURE

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "LNG BASELOAD PLANT IN XINJIANG, CHINA - COMMERCIALISATION OF REMOTE GAS RESOURCES FOR AN ECO-RESPONSIBLE FUTURE"

Transcription

1 BASELOAD PLANT IN XINJIA, CHINA - COMMERCIALISATION OF REMOTE GAS RESOURCES FOR AN ECO-RESPONSIBLE FUTURE Eginhard Berger, Linde AG Linde Engineering Division Xiang Dong, Xinjiang Guanghui Industry and Commerce Group Co. Ltd. Jin Guo Qiang, Shanghai Pharmaceutical Industry Design Institute of SINOPEC (SPIDI) Albert Meffert, Tractebel Engineering Lothar Atzinger, Linde AG Linde Engineering Division 1. INTRODUCTION In March 2002, Xinjiang Guanghui Industry and Commerce Group Co. Ltd. has awarded a contract to build an (liquefied natural gas) baseload plant in Shan Shan, Xinjiang, China. This baseload plant will be unprecedented being the first large-scale baseload plant in China, and it will initiate far-reaching changes in the development of China s natural gas industry. An important step towards extended utilisation of the gas from the remote Xinjiang region of China is the production in Shan Shan. The facilities comprise gas processing and liquefaction, intermediate storage and unloading of the into containers as well as into road tankers. The containers will be loaded onto the nearby trains. The will be transported over several thousand kilometers to satellite stations located in some of the East Coast Provinces of China. From there, the is re-vaporised and distributed via short pipelines to industrial and household consumers. The plant contributes to the improvement of living conditions at the plant location by offering employment opportunities for qualified personnel. But also the conditions in the receiving regions will be improved by providing the consumers with clean fuel, which is essential for the environment. The process plant for the production has been optimised with regard to power requirement, equipment cost and maximum engineering works and supplies from China. The main plant units include feed gas compression, acid gas removal, drying, liquefaction, storage, loading and utility facilities. The compressor-driving concept together with the power supply from the grid has been designed taking into account the relatively high specific cost of the electric power and the high cost of the feed respectively fuel gas. The Shan Shan plant is currently under construction. Commissioning is scheduled for the end of the year The challenges of this new baseload plant in China and the advanced status of the materialisation of the project are described below. 2. DESIGN BASIS The baseload Plant for the production of equivalent to 1,500,000 m 3 (n) per day consists of natural gas treatment and gas liquefaction, storage tank and distribution system. The liquefaction process is based on a high efficient single mixed refrigerant cycle, which requires only the components nitrogen, methane, ethylene, propane and pentane. 2.1 Basic Data for the Process Design of the Plant The design of the plant for the Xinjiang project is based on a state-of-the-art of natural gas liquefaction technology. The production capacity of the plant shall be equivalent to m 3 (n)/d with an expected on-stream time of 330 days per year. Design hourly liquefaction capacity is 54 t/h. Storage capacity is 30,000 m 3 in liquid form of based on 10 days storage time. The send-out and distribution system capacity meets the requirement of loading the 100 trucks / movable containers within 16 hours. The split is 30% in trucks and 70% in movable containers. Specification of product Pressure and Temperature at tank: 0.01MPaG, C The product specification is indicated in Table1.

2 Composition mole% Nitrogen 0.8 (max. 1.0) Methane 82.4 Ethane 11.1 Propane 4.6 Others 1.1 Table1: Product specification With the design feed gas composition the has a temperature of 162 C and a density of about 490 kg/m 3 in the Tank. Feed gas conditions at Plant Battery Limits The feed gas operating pressure can range from about 0.6 MPaG to 1.1 MPaG. The design pressure is 0.7 MPaG. The feed gas operating temperature can range from -15 C to 40 C. The design temperature is 28 C. The feed gas composition is indicated in Table 2. Nitrogen 3.81 mole% Methane mole% Ethane 9.99 mole% Propane 4.10 mole% Butanes 0.93 mole% i&n-pentane 0.05 mole% C6+ < mole% Table 2: Feed gas composition In addition CO2 and traces of H2S and sulfur are present in the feed gas. Process Features The main process and utility units are illustrated in the block diagram in Fig. 1. Waste Water Sour Exhaust System Hot Oil Waste Heat Recovery Flue Turbine Solvent Regeneration Fuel Regen. Refrigeration System Boil Off (Fuel ) Compression Natural Rich Solvent Lean Solvent Vap. Refr. Liqu. Refr. Feed Compression MRC Make up Unit Purification CO2 Removal Purified Purification Drier Fire Fighting Utilities Flare Dry Loading Station Liquefaction Storage Container Loading Station Special Container Meters Loading Station Truck Meters Fig.1: Block diagram of the Shan Shan plant with process and utility units

3 The liquefaction process with a closed mixed refrigerant cycle requires the components nitrogen, ethylene, propane, pentane, which except nitrogen have to be purchased from external sources. Refrigerant nitrogen and purge nitrogen are identical and will be generated in a nitrogen package. Make-up water for closed cooling water cycle for machinery cooling and demineralized water as make-up water for the MEA in the CO2 wash unit will be provided from outside the plant. A mixture of compressed tank return gas and feed gas is used as normal fuel gas; start-up fuel gas is feed gas. A closed hot oil cycle is used as heating medium. A MEA (monoethanolamine)-water solution is used as solvent for the CO2 Wash Unit. 2.2 Ambient Conditions at Site The annual average atmospheric pressure is MPa. The average ambient temperatures range from C in the warmest month to C in the coldest month. The design temperature for gas turbine air inlet and for air-cooling is 30 C. The maximum snow depth is 180 mm with a snow load for design of 250 kn/m 2 The average ground temperature in hottest month is about 37 0 C The extreme maximum ground temperature is about 75 0 C The plant elevation above sea level is about 790 m 3. OVERALL PROCESS AND UTILITY DESCRIPTION The Shan Shan plant has a medium size production capacity in between the two principle types of plants, which are currently in operation world-wide. peakshaving or back-up plants with intermittent operation and production have capacities up to about Nm 3 /day. baseload plants with continuous operation and production have capacities between m 3 (n)/day and m 3 (n)/day. With the m 3 (n)/day production capacity the Shan Shan plant will be about 3 times larger than the largest existing peakshaving plants, but about 3 times smaller than existing small baseload plants. The liquefaction process is based on a high efficient single closed mixed refrigerant cycle. The feed natural gas has a low pressure at battery limit, which is too low for an efficient liquefaction process. Therefore, the natural gas is compressed in 3 compressor stages after removal of solid and liquid particles in a separator. The natural gas is cooled, liquefied and sub-cooled in a spiral wound heat exchanger by a single closed mixed refrigerant cycle. This cycle provides cold temperatures by Joule-Thomson expansion at 3 different pressure levels. The refrigerant cycle is recompressed in a 3-stage turbo-compressor, which is driven by a gas turbine. In order to enhance plant efficiency, the waste heat from the gas turbine is recovered by heating a hot oil cycle, which covers the heating requirements of the process plant. 3.1 Natural gas treatment and liquefaction The Natural gas treatment and liquefaction process is illustrated in Fig. 2 and Fig.3. Natural gas (feed gas) has a low pressure at battery limit. Solid and liquid particles are removed by the Feed Filter Separator before it is compressed in a 3 stage feed gas compressor. After the 1st stage of the feed gas compressor the gas is cooled in an inter-cooler against ambient air to about 40 C. Potential water condensed in the inter-cooler is separated in the feed gas compressor inter-stage drum and is fed to the wash unit. After this first compression step the feed gas is further compressed in the next two compressor stages with inter- and after-cooling in air-coolers. The Feed is routed to the CO2 Wash Unit for removal of CO2. The sweet feed gas leaving the CO2 wash column is then routed to the drier station.

4 Feed Feed Compressor Coolers MEA Wash Column Drier A/B Dry Filter to Liquefier M Electric Motor 3 Stage Feedgas Compressor Filter Separator Compressor Surge Drums Fig. 2: Natural gas treatment process of the Shan Shan plant 3.2 CO2 Wash Unit For CO2-removal from natural gas a MEA (monoethanolamine) wash process was selected. An aqueous MEA solution is utilised as solvent. The feedgas enters the MEA wash column and flows from bottom to top through valve trays. Introduced lean amine flows in the opposite direction extracting the acid gas. The CO2 forms a very weak bond with the alkali. In the top of the column solvent traces are removed by water from the purified gas in some additional trays. The clean gas exits the wash tower with 50 ppm(v) CO2-content water saturated. The loaded amine solution from the CO2 wash columne is regenerated in a strip column, which requires hot oil heating and air cooling in order to separate the CO2 from the loaded amine. The purified amine is returned to the wash column. 3.3 Drier Station The drier station is a 2-bed adsorber station with a cycle time of about 8 hrs. The natural gas is flowing downwards in the first adsorber bed. The water contained in the natural gas is adsorbed on the adsorbent down to a level, where no freezing can occur in the downstream liquefaction section. During this period the other adsorber bed is heated and then cooled by the regeneration gas stream (compressed tank return gas). Heating of the regeneration gas is provided against hot oil and cooling against ambient air, followed by a regeneration gas knockout drum, where the water is separated. The operation of the two vessels is switched periodically. The adsorption respectively the regeneration cycle is operated at the respective gas and regeneration gas pressure. Between adsorption and regeneration a pressure reduction respectively a pressure build up is executed. The expected minimum lifetime of the adsorbents is about 3 years. 3.4 Natural Liquefaction The liquefaction process is shown in Fig. 3. After H2O and CO2 removal the natural gas is routed to the cold part of the process, which contains three spiral wound heat exchangers, which are integrated in one shell ( rocket ), and several separation vessels. The natural gas is first cooled in the Feed Pre-cooler E1, potential off-spec heavy hydrocarbons are separated in a feed gas heavy hydrocarbon separator, where only marginal liquids during design feedgas operation are expected. The gas is then condensed in Feedgas Liquefier E2 and sub-cooled in Feedgas Sub-cooler E3. The sub-cooling temperature is controlled by the amount of tank return gas required as fuel gas for the operation of the gas turbine. The cooling is provided by a closed multi component mixed refrigerant cycle, which consists of the components nitrogen, methane, ethylene, propane and pentane.

5 from Pretreatment Pre-cooling Section E1 D1 Fuel Spiral Wound Heat Exchangers D2 E2 Liquefaction Section D3 D4 Air Turbine E3 Sub-cooling Section 3Stage Cycle Compressor to Tank Fig. 3: Natural gas liquefaction process of the Shan Shan plant 3,5 Refrigerant System The refrigerant gas stream is withdrawn from the shell side of pre-cooling section E1 of the cryogenic spiral wound heat exchanger set. The refrigerant is slightly super-heated over the dew point condition. It is then compressed in the first stage of the 3 stage refrigerant cycle compressor, and after cooling against air in an air inter cooler, where it is cooled and partly condensed. Liquid formed in the after-cooler is separated in Cycle Compressor Discharge Drum D1. The liquid from the Discharge Drum D1 is routed to the cryogenic heat exchanger E1, where it is sub-cooled and then used for the pre-cooling of the natural gas after expansion in a Joule-Thomson expansion valve. The cycle gas from the Suction Drum D1 is cooled in E1 to the same temperature and partly condensed and fed to the Cold Refrigerant Separator D2. The liquid from this separator is sub-cooled in the cryogenic heat exchanger section E2 to a low temperature, so that it can be used as refrigerant in E2 after expansion in a Joule-Thomson expansion valve. The vapour from the Cold Refrigerant Separator D2 is condensed in E2 and sub-cooled in the cryogenic heat exchanger section E3 to a sufficiently low temperature and provides the final cold for the natural gas sub-cooling after expansion in a Joule-Thomson expansion. After expansion to the lower pressure the cycle gas streams are warmed up in the common shell side of the cryogenic spiral wound heat exchangers E3, E2 and E1 and return jointly to the suction side of the 1st stage of the refrigerant cycle compressor. 3.6 Refrigerant Storage and Make-Up Make-up for the refrigerant system is required mainly due to cycle gas losses via the gas seals of refrigerant cycle compressor. The required quantities for the individual components are adjusted according to the composition readings and the temperatures in the cold part and are provided continuously via flow meters. N2 is stored as liquid nitrogen, vaporized and heated to about ambient temperature and fed to a compressor suction drum. Methane is provided from the overhead gas of the heavy hydrocarbon separation column and mixed to the expanded refrigerant upstream of E2. During first start-up, dry warm feed gas from upstream of E1 can be used instead. Commercial ethylene is stored in bottles at high pressure. The package is placed on a scale to allow for adjustment

6 of the quantity for the first filling and to control when the package needs to be replaced. For continuous dosing the required quantity is mixed to the expanded refrigerant upstream of E2. Commercial propane is stored in a propane tank. Commercial pentane is stored in a pentane tank and fed to the refrigerant cycle suction drum. 3.7 Turbine A gas turbine is used as prime driver for the cycle gas compressor. Design temperature for gas turbine rating is an ambient air temperature of 30 C. The same design temperature applies for aircooling. The compressed boil-off, flash and displacement gas from the storage tank is used as regeneration gas and then as fuel gas for the gas turbine. 4 STORAGE AND LOADI SYSTEM The from the liquefaction unit with the cryogenic heat exchanger set E1, E2 and E3 (s. Fig.3) is sent to the Storage Tank D-411 via the tank filling line. Please refer to Fig. 4. Vapour Return Container Filling Station Boil-off / Flash / Displacement to Recompression Container Filling Station P-411 Transfer Pump L-421 A/B/C/D/E/F L-431 from Liquefier D-411 Storage Tank L-441 A/B/C Fig. 4: storage tank and loading system of the Shan Shan plant The tank filling can be done via the bottom or the top filling connection. Normal filling is via the bottom line, and only if large density differences are encountered for the, top filling will be selected. The storage tank is equipped with measurement instruments for level, pressure and temperature. The protection system of the tank is connected via the safety control system to the distributed control system. In case of high liquid level or in case of high pressure in the tank the inlet valves will be closed automatically. The temperature in the tank will be measured over the tank height as well as the density to monitor the risk of a possible rollover in the tank. The tank is equipped with a pressure control valve relief to the flare system and pressure safety valves to the atmosphere. Vacuum breakers are installed for under pressure protection of the tank. The tank will be filled continuously during operation of the liquefaction system at a filling rate of about 111 m3/h. During 16 hours per day a discontinuous send out operation to the truck and container filling is scheduled. For send-out operation two submerged in-tank pumps will be installed each designed for 320 m3/h capacity, suitable for 100% of send-out capacity. One pump is installed as spare. The pumps are installed in pump columns inside the tank and equipped with foot valves. Each pump is equipped with a kickback line to the tank to control the minimum flow of the pump during the period when no filling operation takes place. The send out lines to the truck and container filling station are always filled with and a small circulation flow maintains the system cold. The trucks are weighted ahead of filling. The trucks will be connected manually to the loading arm filling and vapour return lines. The first into the warm truck tank evaporates and the created vapour will return to the storage tank. After cooling the truck tank the filling rate will be increased to the maximum filling rate.

7 The flow counter will stop the filling operation automatically via the automatic control valve at the loading station. The truck will leave the plant via the weighbridge after disconnection from the loading arm. The same operation will be applied for the container filling system. The only difference is that trucks are moving by themselves and the container needs to be transported by gantry crane and trailers. The container will be fixed on rail-platform cars and transported as train of 40 to 70 cars length. The filling time of one container or one truck is estimated to about 1.2 hours including connection / disconnection time. The filling system is designed for 100 trucks / container within 16 hours. The filling system consists of 6 loading stations for container and 3 loading stations for trucks. The planned rail container transport not only represents a solution to long distance land transportation for, but also is a solution to the combined road and rail transportation. The extension of this container transport to the waterway is currently under investigation. These flexible transportation and receiving methods are the main features of this new and natural gas distribution scheme. The satellite terminals on the receiving side together with this transport method are applied to regions, in which the gas source is situated far away, the market is comparatively small and therefore, a pipeline would not be economical. This method will have a positive impact on the way of energy consumption and on the development of the market for the clean natural gas. 5 UTILITIES Some of the Shan Shan plant utility facilities are described below. 5.1 Fuel System The net flash, boil-off and displacement gas coming from the storage tank is compressed, cooled against ambient air and used as regeneration gas in the dehydration section before it is sent as fuel to the Turbine, which drives the cycle compressor. To allow for a good pressure control of the fuel gas, an additional fuel stream is taken from the feed gas after the 2nd stage of the feed gas compressor. 5.2 Unit The hot oil system provides the process heat for the Plant at two temperature levels. To keep constant flow rates in the system, two cycles are introduced, a medium temperature cycle and a high temperature cycle. The heat for both cycles is provided by a hot oil heater package, a waste heat recovery unit in the exhaust stack of the cycle gas turbine. The hot oil is heated to approx. 260 C to supply heat for the regeneration gas heating. To allow for start-up during winter conditions, the system is heat traced. 5.3 Flare and Safety Systems The Shan Shan plant is equipped with two flare headers. A warm gas flare header, which ties-in directly at the bottom of the flare and a cold gas and liquid flare header including a blow down vessel for the separation of cold liquid and vapour. The plant is designed for non flaring during normal operation. Relevant rules and regulations have been incorporated in the plant design, manufacturing and construction in order to enable safe and environmentally friendly plant operation. 6. DRIVER CONFIGURATION The refrigerant cycle compressor is driven by the Alstom gas turbine type GT10 OB. This is a mechanical drive turbine with a waste heat recovery unit. Special challenges for the gas turbine as main compressor driver and for the design of the air coolers are the climatic conditions at the Shan Shan location with high fluctuations of the air temperatures during summer, winter, day and night times. Cooling water, which would conventionally be used for refrigerant cooling, is not available. Therefore, ambient air has to be used as cooling medium. The feed gas compressor is driven by an electric motor with electric power supplied by the local grid.

8 7. MAIN CRYOGENIC HEAT EXCHAER A special feature of the cryogenic section of the process plant is the Linde designed and manufactured spiral wound heat exchanger. The demand for this type of heat exchanger from Linde is increasing world-wide for baseload plants. It excels by its robustness for the natural gas cooling, liquefaction and sub-cooling process, where the refrigerant cycle and product streams reach temperatures down to -160 C. The spiral wound heat exchangers for the Shan Shan plant are currently manufactured. 8. PROJECT EXECUTION The plant execution is an example for the good co-operation between the parties involved: Guanghui Industry and Commerce Group Co in Urumqi as client, is also the organiser of the civil and construction works, procurement of local equipment and bulk material. SPIDI in Shanghai is responsible for the entire plot plan of the plant and detail engineering with utilities. Tractebel in Bonn is responsible for the design of the storage tank and the loading facilities and for the procurement of the relevant imported equipment and material as well as for supervision of tank and loading units construction and commissioning Linde Engineering in Munich is responsible for the natural gas treatment and liquefaction process design and for the procurement of the imported process related equipment as well as for supervision of plant construction and commissioning. The plant is currently under construction with much of the work for the storage tank being already erected. The plant will be mechanically completed by the end of the year 2003 with subsequent commissioning. The final layout of the plant includes the compressor house, the pipe rack with the air coolers and the cryogenic spiral wound heat exchanger set included in a steel structure. The equipment and piping has been arranged taking into account relevant safety regulations as well as short pipeline lengths. The required plant area is about 58 m x 130 m. The cryogenic heat exchanger has a height of about 43 m. The storage tank is connected to the process plant by a pipe rack, which carries the product and the vapour return line. 9. CLOSI REMARKS This plant will open a new era of meeting the demand for natural gas in China, which consistently rose even during the recent economic crisis. With the introduction of such plant types combined with the respective transport infrastructure, natural gas markets can be dynamically introduced and developed. It is evident that natural gas, as a cleaner fuel, will play an increasingly important role in the primary energy mix, as it will serve to reduce the environmental constraints in terms of emission levels. The Shan Shan plant represents a valuable contribution to increase the wealth of the country in a similar way, as is the case in other countries by commercialisation of natural gas and. The target regions have not yet been connected to major gas pipelines due to economic reasons, since the initial gas consumption rate would not justify such a large investment. Therefore, the supply will initiate the penetration of these regional markets with environmentally friendly fuel. Thus the from the Shan Shan plant will contribute substantially to the economic development and growth. This scheme is unique in the world with regard to plant type as well as plant and transport capacity. Therefore, the project has attracted broad national and international attention. It can be considered as an incentive for the commercialisation of remote gas resources with similar market conditions worldwide and particularly in China.

9 9.1. Selected References 1 W Förg, W Bach, R Stockmann, Linde and R S Heiersted, P Paurola, A O Fredheim, Statoil: A New Baseload Process and Manufacturing of the Main Heat Exchangers. 12 Conference, Perth, May E.Berger, Linde: Natural Liquefaction - Technical and Economic Aspects, First Indian Conference, Madras, India, E.Berger, Linde: Satellite Stations in Europe, 10 Conference in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1992

ADVANCED PROCESS CONTROL QATAR GAS ONE YEAR EXPERIENCE

ADVANCED PROCESS CONTROL QATAR GAS ONE YEAR EXPERIENCE ADVANCED PROCESS CONTROL QATAR GAS ONE YEAR EXPERIENCE Bouchebri El-Hadi Senior Process Engineer Benmouley Abdelkader Head of Process Qatar Liquefied Gas Company Limited. Ras Laffan Industrial Area, Doha,

More information

MOLECULAR GATE TECHNOLOGY FOR (SMALLER SCALE) LNG PRETREATMENT

MOLECULAR GATE TECHNOLOGY FOR (SMALLER SCALE) LNG PRETREATMENT MOLECULAR GATE TECHNOLOGY FOR (SMALLER SCALE) LNG PRETREATMENT Presented at the 2010 Gas Processors 89 th Annual Convention Austin, TX March, 2010 Michael Mitariten, P.E. Guild Associates, Inc. Dublin,

More information

Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes

Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes ChE 464 Instructor: Dr. Ahmed Arafat, PhD Office: building 45 room 106 E-mail: akhamis@kau.edu.sa www.kau.edu.sa.akhamis files Book Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes

More information

NOVEL SCHEME FOR SMALL SCALE LNG PRODUCTION in POLAND. W.H. Isalski

NOVEL SCHEME FOR SMALL SCALE LNG PRODUCTION in POLAND. W.H. Isalski NOVEL SCHEME FOR SMALL SCALE LNG PRODUCTION in POLAND W.H. Isalski Presentation Overview The history of gas de-nitrogenation in Poland Changes in feed gas Changes in market conditions Expanding market

More information

Modular Oil & Gas Equipment Onshore & Offshore

Modular Oil & Gas Equipment Onshore & Offshore Modular Oil & Gas Equipment Onshore & Offshore Separators & Desalters AI Energy Solutions onshore and offshore oil process solutions offer innovative technologies packaged with global project management

More information

AKAKUS OIL OPERATIONS- LIBYA Gas Utilization& Flare Emission Reduction Project

AKAKUS OIL OPERATIONS- LIBYA Gas Utilization& Flare Emission Reduction Project Tripoli, Libya 2010 AKAKUS OIL OPERATIONS- LIBYA Gas Utilization& Flare Emission Reduction Project Presented by: Mohamed Amari Project Location Tripoli, Libya 2010 N Tunisia Tripoli Mediterranean Sea Benghazi

More information

MLNG DUA DEBOTTLENECKING PROJECT

MLNG DUA DEBOTTLENECKING PROJECT MLNG DUA DEBOTTLENECKING PROJECT Yahya Ibrahim Senior General Manager Malaysia LNG Malaysia yahyai@petronas.com.my Tariq Shukri LNG Consultant Foster Wheeler Energy Limited Reading, U.K. Tariq_shukri@fwuk.fwc.com

More information

Simple Dew Point Control HYSYS v8.6

Simple Dew Point Control HYSYS v8.6 Simple Dew Point Control HYSYS v8.6 Steps to set up a simulation in HYSYS v8.6 to model a simple dew point control system consisting of: Gas chiller Flash separator Liquid stabilizer with gas recycle &

More information

UNIQUE DESIGN CHALLENGES IN THE AUX SABLE NGL RECOVERY PLANT

UNIQUE DESIGN CHALLENGES IN THE AUX SABLE NGL RECOVERY PLANT UNIQUE DESIGN CHALLENGES IN THE AUX SABLE NGL RECOVERY PLANT Presented at the 81 st Annual Convention of the Gas Processors Association March 11, 2002 Dallas, Texas Joe T. Lynch, P.E. Ortloff Engineers,

More information

Precooling strategies for efficient natural gas liquefaction

Precooling strategies for efficient natural gas liquefaction Originally appeared in: September/October 217, pgs 19-29. Used with permission. SPECIAL FOCUS: LNG TECHNOLOGY Precooling strategies for efficient natural gas liquefaction G. KRISHNAMURTHY, M. J. ROBERTS

More information

Optimising. the LNG process. The rapidly expanding global LNG industry continues. Projects

Optimising. the LNG process. The rapidly expanding global LNG industry continues. Projects Optimising the LNG process John Baguley, Liquefied Natural Gas Ltd, Australia, outlines the benefits of an innovative liquefaction process technology for mid scale LNG projects. The rapidly expanding global

More information

Qualitative Phase Behavior and Vapor Liquid Equilibrium Core

Qualitative Phase Behavior and Vapor Liquid Equilibrium Core 2/22/2017 Qualitative Phase Behavior and Qualitative Phase Behavior Introduction There are three different phases: solid, liquid, and gas (vapor) Energy must be added to melt a solid to form liquid If

More information

Item Hydrogen Gas Plant

Item Hydrogen Gas Plant Item 6530. Hydrogen Gas Plant Hydro-Chem Hydrogen Generating Plant 90,000 scfh @ 200 psig. Purity 99.99% Hydrogen generating plant engineered by Hydro-Chem built in 1980. Design capacity is 90,000 scfh

More information

LNG Plant Overview. Seminar with Supplier Association Murmanshelf Murmansk, 15 May 2012 Jostein Pettersen

LNG Plant Overview. Seminar with Supplier Association Murmanshelf Murmansk, 15 May 2012 Jostein Pettersen LNG Plant Overview Seminar with Supplier Association Murmanshelf Murmansk, 15 May 2012 Jostein Pettersen Table of Content Part 1 : LNG plant overview (Jostein) Part 2 : Main equipment units (Jostein) Part

More information

GT-LPG Max SM. Maximizing LPG Recovery from Fuel Gas Using a Dividing Wall Column. Engineered to Innovate

GT-LPG Max SM. Maximizing LPG Recovery from Fuel Gas Using a Dividing Wall Column. Engineered to Innovate GTC Technology White Paper GT-LPG Max SM Maximizing LPG Recovery from Fuel Using a Dividing Wall Column Engineered to Innovate GT-LPG Max SM Maximizing LPG Recovery from Fuel Using a Dividing Wall Column

More information

Baseload LNG Production in Stavanger

Baseload LNG Production in Stavanger Baseload LNG Production in Stavanger 2 Contents. 3 Introduction 4 Small to mid-scale LNG plants to monetize natural gas 4 Small to mid-scale LNG plants versus world-scale LNG plants Safety and standards

More information

GTI Small-Scale Liquefier Technology. March 2013

GTI Small-Scale Liquefier Technology. March 2013 GTI Small-Scale Liquefier Technology March 2013 GTI Liquefier System > Proven technology in use at 13,000-30,000 gpd > Optimized for energy efficiency > System well suited to rapid start-up and frequent

More information

HYSYS WORKBOOK By: Eng. Ahmed Deyab Fares.

HYSYS WORKBOOK By: Eng. Ahmed Deyab Fares. HYSYS WORKBOOK 2013 By: Eng. Ahmed Deyab Fares eng.a.deab@gmail.com adeyab@adeyab.com Mobile: 002-01227549943 - Email: adeyab@adeyab.com 1 Flash Separation We have a stream containing 15% ethane, 20% propane,

More information

Modified Reverse-Brayton Cycles for Efficient Liquefaction of Natural Gas

Modified Reverse-Brayton Cycles for Efficient Liquefaction of Natural Gas Modified Reverse-Brayton Cycles for Efficient Liquefaction of Natural Gas H.M. Chang 1, J.H. Park 1, K.S. Cha 2, S. Lee 2 and K.H. Choe 2 1 Hong Ik University, Seoul, Korea 121-791 2 Korea Gas Corporation,

More information

LNG UNIT (ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINE)

LNG UNIT (ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINE) Page : 1 of 60 Guidelines for Processing Plant www.klmtechgroup.com Rev 01 KLM Technology #03-12 Block Aronia, Jalan Sri Perkasa 2 Taman Tampoi Utama 81200 Johor Bahru Malaysia (ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINE)

More information

Green FSRU for the future

Green FSRU for the future Green FSRU for the future Presentation at GREEN4SEA Athens April 6 th 2016 Dr. John Kokarakis Vice President Technology & Business Development, Africa, S. Europe Hellenic, Black Sea & Middle East Zone

More information

Improving Natural Gas Liquefaction Plant Performance with Process Analyzers

Improving Natural Gas Liquefaction Plant Performance with Process Analyzers Process Analytics Improving Natural Gas Liquefaction Plant Performance with Process Analyzers LNG is natural gas in its liquid state with high energy density, which makes it useful for storage and transportation

More information

Linde Kryotechnik AG. Effects of oil contamination on cryogenic plants. Ionic Liquids.

Linde Kryotechnik AG. Effects of oil contamination on cryogenic plants. Ionic Liquids. Linde Kryotechnik AG. Effects of oil contamination on cryogenic plants. Ionic Liquids. Andreas Rüegge Coventry, 6 th September 2017 Contents 1. Company Profile 2. Oil contamination in cryogenic systems

More information

INCREASING THE CAPACITY OF NGL RECOVERY TRAINS. Stéphane MESPOULHES XVI CONVENCIÓN INTERNACIONAL DE GAS Caracas de Mayo de 2004

INCREASING THE CAPACITY OF NGL RECOVERY TRAINS. Stéphane MESPOULHES XVI CONVENCIÓN INTERNACIONAL DE GAS Caracas de Mayo de 2004 INCREASING THE CAPACITY OF NGL RECOVERY TRAINS Stéphane MESPOULHES XVI CONVENCIÓN INTERNACIONAL DE GAS Caracas WHO IS TECHNIP? 2 World Class Engineering & Construction Group in Oil & Gas Public Company

More information

GAS CONDITIONING FOR GAS STORAGE INSTALLATIONS

GAS CONDITIONING FOR GAS STORAGE INSTALLATIONS GAS CONDITIONING FOR GAS STORAGE INSTALLATIONS Grant Johnson, Adrian Finn and Terry Tomlinson, Costain Oil, Gas & Process Ltd., UK, discuss process technology to meet water and hydrocarbon dew point specifications

More information

HIGH PUITY CARBON MONOXIDE FROM A FEED GAS ARNOLD KELLER AND RONALD SCHENDEL KINETICS TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION MONROVIA, CALIFORNIA

HIGH PUITY CARBON MONOXIDE FROM A FEED GAS ARNOLD KELLER AND RONALD SCHENDEL KINETICS TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION MONROVIA, CALIFORNIA THE USE OF COSORB R II TO RECOVER HIGH PUITY CARBON MONOXIDE FROM A FEED GAS BY ARNOLD KELLER AND RONALD SCHENDEL KINETICS TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION MONROVIA, CALIFORNIA PRESENTED AT AICHE SUMMER

More information

Gastech Singapore October Capital Cost and Efficiency Data for the ZR-LNG Dual Methane Expander Liquefaction Technology

Gastech Singapore October Capital Cost and Efficiency Data for the ZR-LNG Dual Methane Expander Liquefaction Technology Gastech Singapore October 2015 Capital Cost and Efficiency Data for the ZR-LNG Dual Methane Expander Liquefaction Technology Authors: GW Howe, GF Skinner, AD Maunder Presenter: GW Howe Introduction LNG

More information

Ample supplies of LNG have created a low

Ample supplies of LNG have created a low Pretreatment improvements Trevor Smith and Raj Palla, Honeywell UOP, USA, discuss advances in LNG pretreatment technology and delivery models. Ample supplies of LNG have created a low price environment,

More information

Petronet LNG Ltd., India. LNG Terminal Design- Major Design Considerations

Petronet LNG Ltd., India. LNG Terminal Design- Major Design Considerations Petronet LNG Ltd., India LNG Terminal Design- Major Design Considerations OVERVIEW 1. What is LNG and LNG Chain 2. Project Development & Site Selection 3. Studies Required 4. Marine Facilities 5. Storage

More information

SOME ENERGY-EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES IN JAPAN

SOME ENERGY-EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES IN JAPAN SOME ENERGY-EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES IN JAPAN (EXECUTIVE SESSION) November, 2007 JAPAN EXTERNAL TRADE ORGANIZATION JAPAN CONSULTING INSTITUTE SOME ENERGY-EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES IN JAPAN 1. Power Generation

More information

DryVAC Vapor Recovery Systems

DryVAC Vapor Recovery Systems DryVAC Vapor Recovery Systems HEADQUARTERS OFFICE SYMEX Americas, LLC 5397 West 86 th Street P.O. Box 681246 Indianapolis, IN 46268 Phone: 317-872-4321 Attention: Tim Hammond, Pres. Or The Tulsa Office

More information

BASED ON EXPERIENCE TGE GAS ENGINEERING COMPANY PRESENTATION

BASED ON EXPERIENCE TGE GAS ENGINEERING COMPANY PRESENTATION BASED ON EXPERIENCE TGE GAS ENGINEERING COMPANY PRESENTATION Page 1 TGE GAS ENGINEERING ORGANISATION PRODUCT LINES AND SELECTED REFERENCES OPERATIONS Company Profile History / Milestones Group structure

More information

HOW TO SELECT BEST MEG RECOVERY UNIT s CONFIGURATION?

HOW TO SELECT BEST MEG RECOVERY UNIT s CONFIGURATION? HOW TO SELECT BEST MEG RECOVERY UNIT s CONFIGURATION? PAPER PRESENTED AT GPA EUROPE Madrid, 17 th - 19 th September, 2014 Jérémie ESQUIER PROSERNAT Paris, France PROSERNAT Mr Jérémie ESQUIER - Business

More information

There are many cryogenic

There are many cryogenic Tray revamp for demethaniser ethane recovery As a first step in an ethane extraction plant s operational improvement plan, a tray revamp was performed to improve both tray efficiency and ethane recovery

More information

Brownfield Projects. Equinox Engineering

Brownfield Projects. Equinox Engineering BROWNFIELD PROJECTS Equinox Engineering Brownfield Projects Equinox Engineering Ltd. is a world class provider of EPCM services to the global oil and gas marketplace. Founded in 1997, Equinox has successfully

More information

A NOVEL DESIGN FOR MTPA LNG TRAINS

A NOVEL DESIGN FOR MTPA LNG TRAINS A NOVEL DESIGN FOR 10-12 MTPA TRAINS Sander Kaart Wiveka Elion Barend Pek Rob Klein Nagelvoort Shell Global Solutions International B.V. P.O. Box 541, 2501 CM The Hague, The Netherlands ABSTRACT Shell

More information

Natural Gas. and the Liquefaction Process

Natural Gas. and the Liquefaction Process Natural Gas and the Liquefaction Process Table of Contents Cameron LNG.................... 2 Liquefied Natural Gas................ 4 LNG Safety...................... 5 Environmental Safety................

More information

REFRIGERATION CYCLES

REFRIGERATION CYCLES REFRIGERATION CYCLES Carnot Cycle We start discussing the well-known Carnot cycle in its refrigeration mode. Figure 2-1: Carnot Cycle In this cycle we define the coefficient of performance as follows:

More information

2. TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT

2. TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT 2. TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT 2.1. What is a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine (CCGT) Plant? A CCGT power plant uses a cycle configuration of gas turbines, heat recovery steam generators (HRSGs) and

More information

GAS CONDITIONING & PROCESSING TRAINING

GAS CONDITIONING & PROCESSING TRAINING Training Title GAS CONDITIONING & PROCESSING TRAINING Training Duration 5 days Training Venue and Dates Gas Conditioning & Processing 5 07 11 April $3,750 Dubai, UAE In any of the 5 star hotels. The exact

More information

Estimation of Boil-off-Gas BOG from Refrigerated Vessels in Liquefied Natural Gas Plant

Estimation of Boil-off-Gas BOG from Refrigerated Vessels in Liquefied Natural Gas Plant International Journal of Engineering and Technology Volume 3 No. 1, January, 2013 Estimation of Boil-off-Gas BOG from Refrigerated Vessels in Liquefied Natural Gas Plant Wordu, A. A, Peterside, B Department

More information

Teknologi Pemrosesan Gas (TKK 564) Instructor: Dr. Istadi (http://tekim.undip.ac.id/staf/istadi )

Teknologi Pemrosesan Gas (TKK 564) Instructor: Dr. Istadi (http://tekim.undip.ac.id/staf/istadi ) Teknologi Pemrosesan Gas (TKK 564) Instructor: Dr. Istadi (http://tekim.undip.ac.id/staf/istadi ) Email: istadi@undip.ac.id id Instructor s t Background BEng. (1995): Universitas Diponegoro Meng. (2000):

More information

Carbon Adsorption Vapor Recovery Systems

Carbon Adsorption Vapor Recovery Systems Carbon Adsorption Vapor Recovery Systems Vapor Control Like No Other. Whether you need to reduce emissions through the recovery of valuable product or the destruction of waste gas, John Zink Hamworthy

More information

Problems at the Cumene Production Facility, Unit 800

Problems at the Cumene Production Facility, Unit 800 Problems at the Cumene Production Facility, Unit 800 Background Cumene (isopropyl benzene) is produced by reacting propylene with benzene. During World War II, cumene was used as an octane enhancer for

More information

CONVERTING DOMINION COVE POINT LNG INTO BIDIRECTIONAL FACILITY

CONVERTING DOMINION COVE POINT LNG INTO BIDIRECTIONAL FACILITY CONVERTING DOMINION COVE POINT LNG INTO BIDIRECTIONAL FACILITY Pascal Bocherel, Jim Strohman, Juan Martinez Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP Brett Wink, Kamal Shah, John Ray IHI E & C International Corporation

More information

Magnetically Coupled Submerged Cryogenic Pumps and Expanders for Ammonia Applications

Magnetically Coupled Submerged Cryogenic Pumps and Expanders for Ammonia Applications Paper 4d Magnetically Coupled Submerged Cryogenic Pumps and Expanders for Ammonia Applications Liquefied Ammonia, or Liquid NH3, is (like LNG or liquefied natural gas) a cryogenic fluid and production

More information

Yemen LNG Operational feedbacks

Yemen LNG Operational feedbacks Yemen LNG Operational feedbacks APCI Owners Seminar XI September 2013 1 Yemen LNG - Agenda 1. Yemen LNG general presentation 2. Feedback on Plant restarts optimization 3. Other operational feedbacks 2

More information

Kalex Kalina Cycle Power Systems For Use as a Bottoming Cycle for Combined Cycle Applications

Kalex Kalina Cycle Power Systems For Use as a Bottoming Cycle for Combined Cycle Applications Superior Efficiency Reduced Costs Viable Alternative Energy Kalex Kalina Cycle Power Systems For Use as a Bottoming Cycle for Combined Cycle Applications Copyright 2009, 2010, Kalex LLC. Kalex LLC's Kalina

More information

Rectisol Wash Units Acid Gas Removal for Polygeneration Concepts downstream Gasification

Rectisol Wash Units Acid Gas Removal for Polygeneration Concepts downstream Gasification Rectisol Wash Units Acid Gas Removal for Polygeneration Concepts downstream Gasification Ulvi Kerestecioğlu, Thomas Haberle GTC Conference, Washington DC, USA, November 3rd, 2010 Agenda of the Presentation

More information

ECO-FRIENDLY LNG SRV: COMPLETION OF THE REGAS TRIAL

ECO-FRIENDLY LNG SRV: COMPLETION OF THE REGAS TRIAL International Gas Union Research Conference 2011 ECO-FRIENDLY LNG SRV: COMPLETION OF THE REGAS TRIAL Youngchul.Eum Seunghyuk.Kim Kyoungmin.Doh MunKeun.Ha SAMSUNG HEAVY INDUSTRIES, Geoje-Si, Gyeongsangnam-do,

More information

Hydrate Formation in Chevron Mabee Unit for NGL Recovery and CO 2 Purification for EOR. Abstract

Hydrate Formation in Chevron Mabee Unit for NGL Recovery and CO 2 Purification for EOR. Abstract Hydrate Formation in Chevron Mabee Unit for NGL Recovery and CO 2 Purification for EOR Abstract In the early 199 s, Chevron installed a new process to recover natural gas liquids (NGLs) from recycled CO

More information

DESIGN AND OPERATING EXPERIENCE FOR ANADARKO S LANCASTER FACILITY

DESIGN AND OPERATING EXPERIENCE FOR ANADARKO S LANCASTER FACILITY DESIGN AND OPERATING EXPERIENCE FOR ANADARKO S LANCASTER FACILITY Presented at the 95 th Annual Convention of the Processors Association April 11, 2016 New Orleans, Louisiana Joe T. Lynch, P.E. Ortloff

More information

NGL NATURAL GAS LIQUIDS TECHNOLOGIES

NGL NATURAL GAS LIQUIDS TECHNOLOGIES NGL NATURAL GAS LIQUIDS TECHNOLOGIES Air Liquide Group Air Liquide Engineering & Construction The world leader in gases, technologies and services for Industry and Health Air Liquide is present in 80 countries

More information

GTI Small Scale Liquefier Technology

GTI Small Scale Liquefier Technology GTI Small Scale Liquefier Technology LNG 17 Houston, TX April 18, 2013 Tony Lindsay. P.E. R&D Director Gas Technology Institute What We Do >GTI takes on tough energy challenges, turning raw technology

More information

Compact liquefied gas expander technological advances

Compact liquefied gas expander technological advances Compact liquefied gas expander technological advances Joel V. Madison President Ebara International Corporation SYNOPSIS LNG expanders are now an important part of every new LNG liquefaction plant. The

More information

COMBINED CYCLE OPPORTUNITIES FOR SMALL GAS TURBINES

COMBINED CYCLE OPPORTUNITIES FOR SMALL GAS TURBINES 19 TH SYMPOSIUM OF THE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION OF GAS TURBINES COMMITTEE BANFF, ALBERTA, CANADA OCTOBER 17-19, 2011 11-IAGT-204 COMBINED CYCLE OPPORTUNITIES FOR SMALL GAS TURBINES Michael Lucente Found

More information

Evolution of an LNG Terminal: Senboku Terminal of Osaka Gas

Evolution of an LNG Terminal: Senboku Terminal of Osaka Gas 23 rd World Gas Conference, Amsterdam 2006 Evolution of an LNG Terminal: Senboku Terminal of Osaka Gas Main author Toshiro Otsuka Japan TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Abstract 2. Body of Paper 3. List Tables 4.

More information

Chlorinated Organics Closed Loop Unloading of Solvent Tank Trailers

Chlorinated Organics Closed Loop Unloading of Solvent Tank Trailers Chlorinated Organics Closed Loop Unloading of Solvent Tank Trailers Closed loop unloading systems are designed to minimize solvent vapor emissions during transfer by exchanging the liquid solvent in the

More information

Modelling of post combustion capture plant flexibility

Modelling of post combustion capture plant flexibility Modelling of post combustion capture plant flexibility Workshop on operating flexibility of power plants with CCS Hanne Kvamsdal London November 11-12, 2009 1 Outline Background and motivation Dynamic

More information

Equipment Design. Detailed Plant Conceptual Design. Version 9.0

Equipment Design.  Detailed Plant Conceptual Design. Version 9.0 Equipment Design Version 9.0 Detailed Plant Conceptual Design SOAPP CT sizes all major plant equipment, based on your Project Input, the process configuration derived from this input, and the results of

More information

PROCESSING NATURAL GAS Leontev A.A. Vladimirskiy State University named after the Stoletov brothers Vladimir, Russia

PROCESSING NATURAL GAS Leontev A.A. Vladimirskiy State University named after the Stoletov brothers Vladimir, Russia PROCESSING NATURAL GAS Leontev A.A. Vladimirskiy State University named after the Stoletov brothers Vladimir, Russia ПЕРЕРАБОТКА ПРИРОДНОГО ГАЗА Леонтьев А.А. Владимирский государственный университет имени

More information

Natural Gas Facilities & Pipelines

Natural Gas Facilities & Pipelines Natural Gas Facilities & Pipelines Equinox Engineering Ltd. Equinox Engineering Ltd is a world class provider of EPCM services to the global oil and gas marketplace. Founded in 1997, Equinox has successfully

More information

Technical Innovation for Floating LNG. Bengt Olav Neeraas & Jostein Pettersen, Statoil ASA

Technical Innovation for Floating LNG. Bengt Olav Neeraas & Jostein Pettersen, Statoil ASA Technical Innovation for Floating LNG Bengt Olav Neeraas & Jostein Pettersen, Statoil ASA Table of contents Relevant know how for FLNG FLNG concept development Technology development & innovation Conclusions

More information

PRISM Membrane Separators for biogas upgrading... tell me more

PRISM Membrane Separators for biogas upgrading... tell me more PRISM Membrane Separators for biogas upgrading... tell me more Biogas upgrading overview Biogas is the production of methane from anaerobic digestion of farm wastes, manure, or municipal waste. Biogas

More information

Equipment and Solutions LNG TRANSPORTATION, CARGO HANDLING AND FUELLING APPLICATIONS

Equipment and Solutions LNG TRANSPORTATION, CARGO HANDLING AND FUELLING APPLICATIONS Equipment and Solutions LNG TRANSPORTATION, CARGO HANDLING AND FUELLING APPLICATIONS THE Cryostar GROUP Cryostar is a cryogenic equipment manufacturer with more than 600 employees including 150 engineers.

More information

Gas Enhanced Membrane Fuel Gas Conditioning Solutions for Compressor Stations with Ultra High BTU Gases in Oil-rich Shale Plays

Gas Enhanced Membrane Fuel Gas Conditioning Solutions for Compressor Stations with Ultra High BTU Gases in Oil-rich Shale Plays Gas Enhanced Membrane Fuel Gas Conditioning Solutions for Compressor Stations with Ultra High BTU Gases in Oil-rich Shale Plays Authors: (a) Sachin Joshi, Priyanka Tiwari and Kaaeid Lokhandwala, Membrane

More information

Mobile Nitrogen Vaporizer Skid

Mobile Nitrogen Vaporizer Skid A NEWSLETTER FROM CRYOGENIC INDUSTRIES WINTER 2013 Mobile Nitrogen Vaporizer Skid ryoquip Europe recently C designed and manufactured a mobile nitrogen ISO container vaporizer skid for large flow rate

More information

LCNG-LNG refuelling stations LNG AS A FUEL FOR VEHICLES.

LCNG-LNG refuelling stations LNG AS A FUEL FOR VEHICLES. LCNG-LNG refuelling stations LNG AS A FUEL FOR VEHICLES www.cryostar.com 1 Different refueling technologies CNG: Compressed Natural Gas refueling - Gas coming from a gaseous source (pipeline) - Refueling

More information

ADECOS II. Advanced Development of the Coal-Fired Oxyfuel Process with CO 2 Separation

ADECOS II. Advanced Development of the Coal-Fired Oxyfuel Process with CO 2 Separation Fakultät Maschinenwesen Institut für Energietechnik, Professur für Verbrennung, Wärme- & Stoffübertragung ADECOS II Advanced Development of the Coal-Fired Oxyfuel Process with CO 2 S. Grahl, A. Hiller,

More information

MODERN COKE OVEN GAS TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY AT A NEW COKE MAKING PLANT IN BRAZIL*

MODERN COKE OVEN GAS TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY AT A NEW COKE MAKING PLANT IN BRAZIL* MODERN COKE OVEN GAS TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY AT A NEW COKE MAKING PLANT IN BRAZIL* Wolfgang Kern 1 Mario Petzsch 2 Antonio Esposito 3 Helênio Resende Silva Júnior 4 Abstract The implementation of the Gas

More information

CCR MEG RECLAIMING TECHNOLOGY: FROM MOBILE UNITS TO THE LARGEST RECLAIMING UNIT IN THE WORLD

CCR MEG RECLAIMING TECHNOLOGY: FROM MOBILE UNITS TO THE LARGEST RECLAIMING UNIT IN THE WORLD CCR MEG RECLAIMING TECHNOLOGY: FROM MOBILE UNITS TO THE LARGEST RECLAIMING UNIT IN THE WORLD Jérémie Esquier, Terry Trofimuk & Steven Ayres PROSERNAT Paris, France PROSERNAT Mr Jérémie Esquier - Business

More information

Cansolv Technologies Inc. Alberta NOx and SOx Control Technologies Symposium April 9, Rick Birnbaum

Cansolv Technologies Inc. Alberta NOx and SOx Control Technologies Symposium April 9, Rick Birnbaum A Novel SO 2 Scrubbing Process For Industrial SO 2 Emission Control Alberta NOx and SOx Control Technologies Symposium April 9, 2008 Rick Birnbaum rick.birnbaum@cansolv.com OUTLINE Gas Absorption Solutions

More information

Inland Technologies Inc

Inland Technologies Inc Inc Evaluation of the Mono-ethylene Glycol [MEG] Concentrator to Recycle MEG used in Hydrate Prevention March 2007 Document Nr 0035_INL-OPT-REP-001 Client : Inland Technologies Inc Project : Evaluation

More information

Optimal Design Technologies for Integration of Combined Cycle Gas Turbine Power Plant with CO 2 Capture

Optimal Design Technologies for Integration of Combined Cycle Gas Turbine Power Plant with CO 2 Capture 1441 A publication of CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS VOL. 39, 2014 Guest Editors: Petar Sabev Varbanov, Jiří Jaromír Klemeš, Peng Yen Liew, Jun Yow Yong Copyright 2014, AIDIC Servizi S.r.l., ISBN 978-88-95608-30-3;

More information

4.0 HYDROGEN GENERATION UNIT (PREP) 4.1 INTRODUCTION

4.0 HYDROGEN GENERATION UNIT (PREP) 4.1 INTRODUCTION 4.0 HYDROGEN GENERATION UNIT (PREP) 4.1 INTRODUCTION 4.1.1 PURPOSE The objective of the unit is to produce hydrogen by steam reforming of full range naphtha i.e. C 5-140 O C SR naphtha & coker naphtha

More information

LNG LIQUEFACTION SOLUTIONS

LNG LIQUEFACTION SOLUTIONS MODULAR SMALL-SCALE LIQUEFACTION PLANT A highly efficient plant ensuring maximum operational flexibility, fully automated operation and low energy consumption Kosan Crisplant's liquefaction system is based

More information

LIQUEFACTION STORAGE DISTRIBUTION BUNKERING SMALL-SCALE LNG SOLUTIONS

LIQUEFACTION STORAGE DISTRIBUTION BUNKERING SMALL-SCALE LNG SOLUTIONS LIQUEFACTION STORAGE DISTRIBUTION BUNKERING SMALL-SCALE LNG SOLUTIONS During the last decade, liquefied natural gas (LNG) has become the new black in the gas industry and recognising its huge market potential,

More information

GS Quest CCS Project RAM Study Final Report

GS Quest CCS Project RAM Study Final Report GS.10.52419 Quest CCS Project RAM Study Final Report Quest CCS Project RAM Study Final Report by R.M. Stephens GS.10.52419 1 Document History Date Issue Reason for Change Author Approved by November 21,

More information

Heat Recovery Systems and Heat Exchangers in LNG Applications. Landon Tessmer LNG Technical Workshop 2014 Vancouver

Heat Recovery Systems and Heat Exchangers in LNG Applications. Landon Tessmer LNG Technical Workshop 2014 Vancouver Heat Recovery Systems and Heat Exchangers in LNG Applications Landon Tessmer LNG Technical Workshop 2014 Vancouver Presentation Overview LNG plant arrangement with heat recovery (OSMR Process by LNG Limited)

More information

Solvent Recovery Systems

Solvent Recovery Systems Solvent Recovery Systems Use Steam Recycling A new technique that recycles the heat normally lost during solvent recovery can cut fuel bills and reduce plant exhaust emissions. by Stanley J. Macek Compliance

More information

Amine Plant Energy Requirements & Items impacting the SRU

Amine Plant Energy Requirements & Items impacting the SRU Amine Plant Energy Requirements & Items impacting the SRU 10 October 2016 AGRU energy needs Amine energy requirements Regeneration Processing effects Leanness required Determine required leanness Over

More information

Brazed aluminium heat exchangers (BAHXs), also referred to

Brazed aluminium heat exchangers (BAHXs), also referred to Brazed aluminium heat exchangers (BAHXs), also referred to as plate fin heat exchangers, are at the heart of many of the processes used for the liquefaction of natural gas. They are deployed across the

More information

ENERGY RECOVERY IMPROVEMENT USING ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE AT COVANTA S HAVERHILL FACILITY

ENERGY RECOVERY IMPROVEMENT USING ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE AT COVANTA S HAVERHILL FACILITY Proceedings of the 18th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference NAWTEC18 May 11-13, 2010, Orlando, Florida, USA Paper Number: NAWTEC18-3563 ENERGY RECOVERY IMPROVEMENT USING ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE

More information

Steady-state operational degrees of freedom with application to refrigeration cycles

Steady-state operational degrees of freedom with application to refrigeration cycles Steady-state operational degrees of freedom with application to refrigeration cycles Jørgen Bauck Jensen Sigurd Skogestad Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology,

More information

20/06/2011 Seminar on Geothermal Exploitation Santiago de Chile

20/06/2011 Seminar on Geothermal Exploitation Santiago de Chile Contents Power Plants Steam Power plants Binary Power plants Geothermal Power Plants Single flash systems Binary systems 1 Equipment Well head Gathering piping system Steam separators and moisture separators

More information

TABLE OF CONTENT

TABLE OF CONTENT Page : 1 of 12 Project Engineering Standard www.klmtechgroup.com KLM Technology #03-12 Block Aronia, Jalan Sri Perkasa 2 Taman Tampoi Utama 81200 Johor Bahru Malaysia RECOVERY AND SPLITTER TABLE OF CONTENT

More information

Challenges for Processing Oil and Gas from Kazakhstan

Challenges for Processing Oil and Gas from Kazakhstan Challenges for Processing Oil and Gas from Kazakhstan Paul Roberts, Les Armstrong WorleyParsons Parkview Great West Road Brentford Middlesex, TW8 9AZ, UK ABSTRACT In recent years WorleyParsons has been

More information

Development status of the EAGLE Gasification Pilot Plant

Development status of the EAGLE Gasification Pilot Plant Development status of the EAGLE Gasification Pilot Plant Gasification Technologies 2002 San Francisco, California, USA October 27-30, 2002 Masaki Tajima Energy and Environment Technology Development Dept.

More information

PROCESS MOISTURE ANALYZERS Measuring moisture in gas or HC liquids in hazardous areas

PROCESS MOISTURE ANALYZERS Measuring moisture in gas or HC liquids in hazardous areas PROCESS MOISTURE ANALYZERS Measuring moisture in gas or HC liquids in hazardous areas EExd Construction Safety by containment PROCESS MOISTURE ANALYZER Channel 1 dew-point & pressure sensor Through-glass

More information

PRE-FEASIBILITY REPORT ON

PRE-FEASIBILITY REPORT ON Code IOCL-ERU Customer IOCL - Panipat Plant / Location Panipat, India Process Product Olefins Production From RFCC And DCU Off Gases And Integration With NCU C2 (Ethylene + Ethane) Streams Feedstock RFCC

More information

LNG LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS TECHNOLOGIES

LNG LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS TECHNOLOGIES LNG LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS TECHNOLOGIES Air Liquide Group Air Liquide Engineering & Construction The world leader in gases, technologies and services for Industry and Health Air Liquide is present in 80

More information

Your partner for the right solution

Your partner for the right solution Your partner for the right solution Project engineering of power stations Environment protection in energy sector Equipment supplying Supervision of installation of the equipment supplied Commissioning

More information

PIONEERING GAS SOLUTIONS PROCESS SYSTEMS

PIONEERING GAS SOLUTIONS PROCESS SYSTEMS PIONEERING GAS SOLUTIONS PROCESS SYSTEMS WHO ARE WE? GENERON is one of the only single source providers of gas solutions in the world. An industry-leading provider, we have the capabilities and customized

More information

with Physical Absorption

with Physical Absorption meinschaft Mitglied der Helmholtz-Gem Pre-Combustion Carbon Capture with Physical Absorption Sebastian Schiebahn, Li Zhao, Marcus Grünewald 5. Juli 2011 IEK-3, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany ICEPE Frankfurt

More information

Efficient and Flexible AHAT Gas Turbine System

Efficient and Flexible AHAT Gas Turbine System Efficient and Flexible AHAT Gas Turbine System Efficient and Flexible AHAT Gas Turbine System 372 Jin ichiro Gotoh, Dr. Eng. Kazuhiko Sato Hidefumi Araki Shinya Marushima, Dr. Eng. OVERVIEW: Hitachi is

More information

Vapor Recovery Units: Agenda

Vapor Recovery Units: Agenda Reducing Methane Emissions with Vapor Recovery on Storage Tanks Technology Transfer Workshop PEMEX & Environmental Protection Agency, USA April 25, 2006 Villahermosa, Mexico Vapor Recovery Units: Agenda

More information

BASED ON EXPERIENCE TGE GAS ENGINEERING EVOLUTION OF SAFETY DESIGN FOR CRYOGENIC TANKS REVAMP VS. NEW BUILT

BASED ON EXPERIENCE TGE GAS ENGINEERING EVOLUTION OF SAFETY DESIGN FOR CRYOGENIC TANKS REVAMP VS. NEW BUILT BASED ON EXPERIENCE TGE GAS ENGINEERING EVOLUTION OF SAFETY DESIGN FOR CRYOGENIC TANKS REVAMP VS. NEW BUILT Page 1 CONTENT Overview on the services and experience of TGE Gas Engineering GmbH Examples of

More information

Feedwater Heaters (FWH)

Feedwater Heaters (FWH) Feedwater Heaters (FWH) A practical Regeneration process in steam power plants is accomplished by extracting or bleeding, steam from the turbine at various points. This steam, which could have produced

More information

Air Separation Technology

Air Separation Technology PERP/PERP ABSTRACTS 2009 Air Separation Technology Cryogenic air separation units (ASU), membrane, and adsorption (PSA, VSA) technologies are discussed. Cost estimates for producing oxygen, nitrogen (and

More information

Combined Cycle Power Plants. Combined Cycle Power Plant Overview (Single- and Multi-Shaft) Training Module. ALSTOM (Switzerland) Ltd )*+,

Combined Cycle Power Plants. Combined Cycle Power Plant Overview (Single- and Multi-Shaft) Training Module. ALSTOM (Switzerland) Ltd )*+, Power Plant Overview Training Module ALSTOM (Switzerland) Ltd )*+, We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without

More information