FAO Statistical Pocketbook

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1 FAO Statistical Pocketbook Coffee 2015

2 FAO Coffee Pocketbook 2015 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 2015

3 The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of FAO. ISBN FAO, 2015 FAO encourages the use, reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product. Except where otherwise indicated, material may be copied, downloaded and printed for private study, research and teaching purposes, or for use in non-commercial products or services, provided that appropriate acknowledgement of FAO as the source and copyright holder is given and that FAO s endorsement of users views, products or services is not implied in any way. All requests for translation and adaptation rights, and for resale and other commercial use rights should be made via or addressed to FAO information products are available on the FAO website ( and can be purchased through

4 Foreword Today, more people are consuming more coffee than ever before. As the middle classes of the developing world continue to swell, as their incomes rise and coffee remains affordable, the luxury of the occasional coffee has become a daily habit in an evergrowing number of countries. The rising demand has also afforded producers with new options and opportunities. Coffee has become an important contributor to cash income for many smallholders, who produce most of the world s beans. The annual output has now reached almost nine million tonnes, one million tonnes more than a decade ago. The gross value of production of green coffee now exceeds US$16 billion, and its export value reached US$24 billion in While rising demand offers unprecedented opportunities to growers, they also have to live up to a growing set of challenges. Many are confronted with inadequate access to credit, high price volatility, as well as bureaucratic hurdles at home and market barriers abroad. And, they are operating in a global value chain where a vast and often unorganized number of small coffee growers are exposed to the market power of a few, large traders and roasters. In addition, many smallholders find it hard to cope with the vagaries of weather in the short-run and the deteriorating growing conditions brought about by climate change over the longer-term. This Pocketbook puts numbers to these developments, assesses short-term changes and long-term trends in production, consumption, trade and prices, and provides useful background information on related shifts in poverty, health and rural development. It is part of the FAO Statistical Yearbook suite of products and is organized around two major sections: thematic spreads with data-driven visualizations, and comprehensive country and regional profiles. FAO is strongly committed to helping countries strengthen their national statistical systems and improve the timeliness and quality of their data. This includes a commitment to improve and broaden the information necessary to support evidence-based decision making by all stakeholders in the coffee value chain. Pietro Gennari Chief Statistician and Director, ESS 1

5 2

6 Contents 6 Economy 8 Poverty 10 Dietary energy supply 12 Coffee production 14 Coffee trade 16 Coffee prices 18 Country Profiles 22 Definitions 191 Notes 194 3

7 Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania FIGURE 1: Classification of countries 4

8 5

9 A combination of declining mortality rates, prolonged life expectancy and younger populations in regions with high fertility contributes to continuous, albeit declining population growth in the world. While rates continue to slow, the world s population has nevertheless doubled since the late 1960s, to over 7 billion people today. Generally, population growth is high where income levels are low. This is especially true in cities. Since 2008, more people live in cities than in rural areas. billion people Rural population Urban population Data after 2015 are projections CHART 1: Rural and urban population Countries with highest values Countries with lowest values Countries with highest values Countries with lowest values Qatar United Arab Emirates Bahrain Kuwait Niger Liberia Eritrea Rwanda Chad Uganda Estonia Ukraine Bulgaria Georgia N. Mariana Islands Lithuania Latvia Republic of Moldova Niue Tokelau Japan Iceland Switzerland Spain Singapore Italy Australia Israel France Luxembourg Angola Chad Côte d'ivoire Mozambique Central African Republic DR Congo Lesotho Swaziland Botswana Sierra Leone percent CHART 2: Population, average annual growth ( ) percent CHART 3: Life expectancy at birth, countries with the highest and lowest values (2013) Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania million people CHART 4: Total economically active population (2000 to 2014) 6

10 Percent No Data 0 ~< ~< ~< ~< ~< 100 FIGURE 2: Rural population, share of total population (2014) 7

11 Economy Changes in the wider economy, including growing global integration and therefore trade, currency movements and international prices affect the performance of commodities in the agricultural sector, including coffee production. During the global economic downturn of the last decade, some sectors were particularly hard hit. Agriculture was affected too, but the coffee sector has demonstrated remarkable resilience. Since 2008, the value of coffee production has grown at over 3.5 percent per year, which is faster than 2.5 percent overall growth in agriculture. percent Agriculture Industry Services Africa Asia Oceania Americas Europe CHART 5: Value added, share of GDP (2013) Slovenia France Iceland Norway United States of America Finland Netherlands Belgium Italy Japan Australia Sweden Spain Lebanon Denmark Singapore Luxembourg Germany Austria New Zealand US$ Turkmenistan Angola Ethiopia Tajikistan Mongolia Paraguay Uzbekistan Algeria Liberia Sierra Leone Namibia Luxembourg Samoa Bulgaria Greece Zimbabwe Malta United Arab Emirates Bahamas Ireland Countries with highest values Countries with lowest values percent CHART 6: Agriculture value added per worker, countries with the highest values CHART 7: Life expectancy at birth, countries with the highest and lowest values (2013) Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania 15 percent CHART 8: Value added in agriculture as share of GDP 8

12 Percent No Data 0 ~< 3 3 ~< 7 7 ~< ~< ~< 59 FIGURE 3: Value added in agriculture, share of GDP (percent, 2010 to 2013*) 9

13 Poverty Most coffee is produced in developing countries. Yet the benefits from the expansion of the coffee industry in recent years have not always trickled down to the poorest. Among the largest coffee producing countries, many still have more than 10 percent of their populations living below US$1.25 a day. However, change is on the way, and coffee plays a pivotal role in this process. Coffee production and the proceeds from it have allowed a growing number of small and poor farmers to escape the poverty trap. By adapting new technologies or by switching to better varieties, many now harvest higher crops of better quality beans. TABLE 1: People living on less than 2005 PPP $1.25 a day (mln) * forecast * East Asia & Pacific Europe & Central Asia 7 1 LatAmer & Caribbean Mid East & N Africa 13 7 South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa World South Africa Zambia Honduras Colombia Lesotho Brazil Guatemala Chile Rwanda Panama Finland Romania Belarus Czech Republic Iceland Denmark Norway Slovakia Ukraine Slovenia Countries with highest values Countries with lowest values percent CHART 9: Income share held by highest 20 (percent) ( ) Madagascar Zimbabwe Guinea Bissau DR Congo Honduras Zambia Togo Haiti Lesotho Guinea Brazil Czech Republic Montenegro Ukraine Azerbaijan Sri Lanka Belarus Kazakhstan Turkey Malaysia Countries with highest values Countries with lowest values percent CHART 10: Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (population share) East Asia & Pacific Europe & Central Asia Lat Amer & Caribbean Mid East & N Africa South Asia Sub Saharan Africa World 60 % of population CHART 11: Share of population living on less than 2005 PPP $1.25 a day (%) 10

14 Percent No Data 0 ~< 0 0 ~< 4 4 ~< ~< ~< 88 FIGURE 4: Share of population living less than US$ 1.25 per day ( ) 11

15 Dietary energy supply TThe dietary energy supply (DES) is the food available for human consumption, expressed in kilocalories per person per day. In 1961 the average global calorie availability was as low as kcal/cap/day; by 2011, it had reached kcal/cap/day, and consisted primarily of a base of staple grains, and meat and dairy products. Consumers of coffee have traditionally come from highincome countries but now include the growing middle classes in developing countries. In terms of calories, coffee and other stimulants still make up a very small part of food available for consumption. Cereals (excl. beer) Meat and offals Milk (excl. butter) Starchy roots Sugar and sweeteners Veg. oils and animal fats CHART 12: Share of dietary energy supply, kcal/capita/day ( ) Turkey Argentina Egypt Cuba Tunisia Republic of Korea United Arab Emirates Ghana Morocco Algeria Lebanon Kuwait Brazil Saudi Arabia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Oman Kazakhstan China South Africa Jordan kcal/cap/day CHART 13: Dietary energy supply, top 20 countries in 2015 Bolivia Uganda Rwanda Swaziland Yemen Chad Kenya Zimbabwe Tanzania Timor Leste Ethiopia Tajikistan Congo North Korea Afghanistan Madagascar Namibia Haiti Zambia Central African Republic kcal/cap/day CHART 14: Dietary energy supply, bottom 20 countries in 2015 Africa Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Oceania World kcal/cap/day CHART 15: Dietary energy supply 12

16 Percent No Data 87 ~< ~< ~< ~< ~< 161 FIGURE 5: Average dietary energy supply adequacy, percent ( ) 13

17 Coffee production Over the past 50 years, both production and consumption of coffee have risen considerably. Consumers have reaped some of the benefits through a greater variety of coffee products, improved quality and lower real prices. Now over 70 countries produce coffee, and over 50 percent comes from just three countries. Some coffee producing countries have seen considerable benefits through higher yields and growing volumes of sales. But many, especially smallholders, who produce the majority of the world s coffee, are also facing growing challenges from climate change and more difficult natural growing conditions. TABLE 2: Fastest growing coffee producers based on quantities (average annual growth rate, 2000 to 2013) % China 17 Angola 17 Myanmar 14 Guyana 13 Nepal 13 Brazil Viet Nam Indonesia Colombia India Honduras Ethiopia Peru Guatemala Mexico Uganda Côte d'ivoire Laos Nicaragua Philippines Venezuela Costa Rica Tanzania Madagascar Papua New Guinea mln tonnes CHART 16: Countries with the highest coffee production quantities in 2013 Brazil Indonesia Colombia Mexico Viet Nam Ethiopia Peru India Uganda Honduras Guatemala Tanzania Côte d'ivoire Cameroon Venezuela El Salvador Madagascar Philippines Kenya Nicaragua ha CHART 17: Countries with the highest harvested area of coffee in 2013 Brazil Colombia India Indonesia Viet Nam mln tonnes CHART 18: Production quantities of top 5 coffee producers

18 Hg/Ha No Data 39 ~< ~< ~< ~< ~< FIGURE 6: Coffee yield (2013) 15

19 Coffee trade Coffee is not only traded in large quantities, it also comes in a multitude of different qualities, varieties and forms. These include arabica and robusta, roasted or green, as well as instant and solubles. Coffee exports are also a key source of foreign exchange and national income for many developing countries. In 2012, total exports of 7 million tonnes accounted for a value of US$24 billion. Just 10 years ago, the value was only US$5.1 billion for a total of 5.5 million tonnes. TABLE 3: Fastest growing coffee exporters based on export value (average annual growth rate, 2000 to 2013) Burkina Faso 102 Niger 75 Egypt 74 Bulgaria 74 Gambia 72 % Brazil Viet Nam Colombia Germany Honduras Indonesia Peru Guatemala Ethiopia Belgium Mexico India Nicaragua Costa Rica Uganda El Salvador Papua New Guinea Kenya Tanzania United States of America million US$ CHART 19: Top 20 coffee exporters in 2012 United States of America Germany Italy Japan Belgium France Spain Switzerland Canada United Kingdom Sweden Republic of Korea Russian Federation Algeria Poland Netherlands Australia Finland Venezuela Saudi Arabia million US$ CHART 20: Top 20 coffee importers in 2012 Coffee, extracts Coffee, green Coffee, roasted mln US$ CHART 21: Value of coffee imports 16

20 million US$ No Data ~< ~< 9 9 ~< 0 0 ~< 4 4 ~< FIGURE 7: Net trade of coffee in

21 Coffee prices Approximately 60 percent of the world s coffee production is arabica, while the other 40 percent is robusta. The former is generally considered of superior quality and fetches a higher price. The latter tends to be hardier and has a bitter taste. In developing countries, including China and Indonesia, robusta is now the bean of choice. Up until 2013, prices of arabica were declining, primarily due to the growing availability of the cheaper robusta beans on world markets. Between 2013 and 2014, however, prices of both types rose, arabica from US$2.90 to US$4.18 and robusta from US$1.96 to US$2.09. $/kg Coffee, arabica Coffee, robusta CHART 22: Annual coffee prices, 1960 to 2014, real 2010 US$ United States of America Panama Venezuela Yemen Kenya Honduras Vanuatu Dominican Republic Burundi Colombia Nigeria Ecuador Peru El Salvador Sri Lanka Indonesia Bolivia Ethiopia Philippines Brazil US$ per tonne United States of America Saudi Arabia Yemen Venezuela Kenya Dominican Republic Panama Brazil Thailand Colombia El Salvador Peru Sri Lanka Ecuador Philippines Viet Nam Bolivia Nepal Togo Laos US$ per tonne CHART 23: Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) in 2000, top 20 countries CHART 24: Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) in 2013, top 20 countries Brazil Colombia India Indonesia Viet Nam US$ per tonne CHART 25: Producer prices, green coffee, top 5 coffee producers 18

22 index No Data 34 ~< ~< ~< ~< ~< 753 FIGURE 8: Producer Price Index ( = 100) (2012) 19

23

24

25 Afghanistan Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) 35.8 Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) 38.3 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 98.6 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 98.6 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

26 Albania Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) 94.4 Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 <5.0 <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns ns ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) 6 0 Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 0 Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 39.5 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.5 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 39.5 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

27 Algeria Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) 0 2 Extracts (1 000 US$) 7 0 Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 61.2 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 61.2 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

28 Angola Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) 36.6 Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) 58.3 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 20.8 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 20.8 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

29 Argentina Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 <5.0 <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns ns ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 73.9 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 2.4 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 73.9 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

30 Armenia Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 66.1 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 66.1 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

31 Australia Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 <5.0 <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns ns ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 65.7 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 3 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 65.7 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

32 Austria Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 <5.0 <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns ns ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 2.7 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 17 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 2.7 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

33 Azerbaijan Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) 42.5 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 0 Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 76.4 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.5 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 76.4 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

34 Bahrain Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 44.5 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 44.5 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

35 Bangladesh Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 87.8 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.1 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 87.8 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

36 Barbados Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 <5.0 <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns ns ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 54.3 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 54.3 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

37 Belarus Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 <5.0 <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns ns ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 19.4 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 19.4 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

38 Belgium Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) 0 0 GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 <5.0 <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns ns ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 0.6 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 4.5 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 0.6 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

39 Belize Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 67.7 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 1.2 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 67.7 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

40 Benin Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) 36.2 Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) 39.7 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 45.4 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.1 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 45.4 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

41 Bhutan Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) 12 Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) 16.7 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) 418 Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 94.1 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 1.2 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 94.1 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

42 Bolivia Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 0 Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 92 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.1 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 92 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

43 Bosnia and Herzegovina Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) 17.9 Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 <5.0 <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns ns ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 0 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 0 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

44 Botswana Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 41.2 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 41.2 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

45 Brazil Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 60 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.3 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 60 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

46 Brunei Darussalam Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 <5.0 <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns ns ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

47 Bulgaria Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) 21 Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) <5.0 <5.0 <5.0 Number of people undernourished (mln) ns ns ns Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 16.3 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.8 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 16.3 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

48 Burkina Faso Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) 93 Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 51.4 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.1 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 51.4 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

49 Burundi Population, total (mln) Population, rural (mln) GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat l poverty lines (% pop) 66.9 Rural pov headcount, nat l poverty lines (% rural pop) 68.9 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) Food exports (mln US$) Food imports (mln US$) Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) 11 3 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 0 Green (1 000 US$) 0 1 Roasted (1 000 US$) 0 11 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 9 Food prod value, gross (constant l$) Food prod index ( =100) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 77.1 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 77.1 GHG emissions from ag (CO 2 eq, gigagrams)

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