JICA s Support to India (Forestry Sector)

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1 JICA s Support to India (Forestry Sector) January 6, 2015 JICA India office 1 Introduction of JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency President: Akihiko Tanaka Establishment: August 1974 and Reorganized 2008 Staff: 1,800 (full time) Recipient Countries: 150 Overseas Offices: 92 Offices in Japan: HQ (Tokyo) and 15 sites Vision Inclusive and Dynamic Development Mission 1 Mission 2 Addressing Global Agenda Reducing Poverty through Equitable Growth Mission 3 Improving Governance Mission 4 Achieving Human Security 2

2 Introduction of JICA Technical cooperation Hosting of trainees Sending experts Equipment provision Volunteer programs Development Studies Emergency Disaster Relief Official Development Assistance (ODA) Bilateral Assistance Multilateral Assistance Loans Grants ODA Loans Overseas investment Economic development Increase food production (Expenditures and contributions to international organizations) 3 What JICA is doing in India Priority Area (set by GoI-GoJ dialogue) 1. Promotion of Sustainable Economic Growth through Assisting with the infrastructure Development 2. Assistance for Economic Growth along with Employment Generation 3. Poverty Reduction 4. Assistance for Tackling Environment Issues 4

3 India - JICA s largest Development Partner (JPY billion) FY ODA Loan (commitment) Grant Aid (commitment) Technical Cooperation (Expenditure) TOTAL * * Part of commitment is postponed to FY 2011, affected by Great East Japan earthquake 5 India - JICA s largest Development Partner ODA Loan Operational results in FY2013: Commitment: Rs.16.4 thousand crore Disbursement: Rs.7.7 thousand crore *1 JPY = Rs No. of on-going projects: 66 Major Sector (FY ): Transport, Water, Energy and Forestry Energy 16% Water 20% Forestry & Agriculture 8% JPY billion 2,130 Transport 54% Grant Aid FY2012: JPY1.49 billion No. of on-going projects: 1 Technical Cooperation 288 Indians visited Japan 32 Japanese stations India in long term Citizen Participation Japanese Volunteers;8 ex. Japanese Language Japanese NGO activities:3 Working with Indian partner 6

4 Forestry Sector in India Decrease in Productivity Increase in Temperature Water Depletion Soil Erosion Desertification Afforestation Soil and Water Conservation Vicious Cycle Deforestation Poverty Income Generation Activities Increasing Population Depletion of Forest Resources Unsustainable Forest Management 7 Overview of JICA s Assistance JICA assistance to forestry sector in India commenced in 1991 (Afforestation & Pasture Development along Indira Gandhi Canal Area, Rajasthan) 22 projects have been supported over the last two decades, 21 are state specific, cover 13 states 1 HRD project for frontline staff at national level through MoEF & CC Technical Cooperation project at DFE & CASFOS, Dehradun Cumulative commitment is JPY 226 billion (approx. Rs.11,895 Cr or US$1.9 billion currently) Treated area under JICA initiative will be more than 25,000km 2, which is equivalent to half the size of area of Punjab JICA is the largest development partner to the forestry sector in India 8

5 Approach Large scale afforestation/regeneration through active Joint Forest Management (JFM) approach Support biodiversity conservation Meet, to the extent possible, requirement of local communities for Non Timber Forest Produces (NTFPs) Improve livelihoods of the local communities and alleviate poverty on a sustainable basis through JFM Consolidation Activities Facilitate institutional strengthening of Forest Department 9 Forestry Projects in TN Project Name Loan Agreement (Year) Loan Amount (JPY Million) Treatment Area* Tamil Nadu Afforestation Project I (TAP I) Tamil Nadu Afforestation Project II (TAP II) Tamil Nadu Biodiversity Conservation and Greening Project (TBGP) *Treatment Area: Area for Plantation, Soil & Moisture Conservation Works , ,000ha , ,500ha , ,000ha Under TAP I & II Planation and soil & moisture conservation activities have been done for regenerating degraded forests, promoting biodiversity conservation, and improving forest productivity in collaboration with 2,058 villages and Tamil Nadu Forest Department. Total treatment area is 25.5% of the state forest area. 6,810 Self Help Groups (SHGs) carried out income generation activities utilizing microfinance provided by the projects TBGP The project is to strengthen biodiversity conservation by improving ecosystem and the management capacity as well as undertaking tree planting outside the recorded forest areas. 10

6 List of Projects Concluded Projects till 2014 for 15 Lakh ha. treated 1. Indira Gandhi Afforestation and Development Project (0.47 lakh ha.) 2. Afforestation Project in Aravalli Hills (1.50 lakh ha.) 3. Rajasthan Forestry Development Project (0.55 lakh ha.) 4. Gujarat Afforestation Development Project (2.31 lakh ha.) 5. Eastern Karnataka Afforestation Project (4.70 lakh ha.) 6. Tamil Nadu Afforestation Project (4.06 lakh ha.) 7. Punjab Afforestation Project (0.40 lakh ha.) 8. Punjab Afforestation Project (II) (0.21 lakh ha.) 9. Rajasthan Forestry and Biodiversity Project (1.20 lakh ha.) 10. Integrated Natural Resource Management (0.50 lakh ha.) and Poverty Reduction Project in Haryana in addition to the above, through regional development project in Kerala, additional 0.04 lakh ha. was successfully planted On-going Projects for additional 11 Lakh ha. to be treated 11. Tamil Nadu Afforestation Project (II) (1.77 lakh ha.) 12. Karnataka Sustainable Forest Management (1.85 lakh ha.) and Biodiversity Conservation Project 13. Orissa Forestry Sector Development Project (2.00 lakh ha.) 14. Tripura Environmental Improvement (0.55 lakh ha.) and Poverty Alleviation Project 15. Gujarat Afforestation Development Project (II) (1.47 lakh ha.) 16. Uttar Pradesh Participatory Forest Management (0.81 lakh ha.) and Poverty Alleviation Project 17. Capacity Development for Forest Management (n.a.) and Personnel Training Project 18. Sikkim Biodiversity Conservation (0.05 lakh ha.) and Forest Management Project 19. Tamil Nadu Biodiversity Conservation (1.43 lakh ha.) and Greening Project 20. Rajasthan Forestry and Biodiversity Project (II) (0.84 lakh ha.) 21. Wes Bengal Forest and Biodiversity Conservation Project (0.19 lakh ha.) 22. Uttrakhand Forest Resource Management Project (0.75 lakh ha.) in addition to the above, through other watershed management project in Himachal Pradesh, 0.1 lakh ha. of plantation is underway Other new projects are also in consideration continuously Loan Committed by JICA: US$1.9 billion Estimated treatment area: 2,624,120 ha. 17=MOEF Not Forestry, but example of Mitigation (CDM) in JICA assisted Project Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System Project (Delhi Metro) Project objective To relieve traffic congestion and improve the urban environment through the reduction of vehicle emissions in the capital territory of Delhi by constructing the capital's first mass rapid transport system. The mass transit system is carrying 2.6 million passengers a day, a figure comparable to the volume of passengers carried by the subway system in major cities in Japan. Impact of the Project Approx 38,000t of CO 2 reduced by modal shift from vehicle. Approx 39,500t of CO 2 reduced by Regenerative Brake System.

7 Thank you! 13 Pictures 14

8 Impact of the Project Ecological Aspect Status in 1999 barren and degraded Status in 2001 Full of vegetation and trees Impact of the Project Ecological Aspect

9 Impact of the Project Employment Generation Daily Wage Labour working at the Water Harvesting Site Labour working at the plantation sit site Impact of the Project Alternate Employment Dairy Business Petty Shop for selling household items

10 Impact of the Project Alternate Employment Coir Making for Mattresses and Ropes Tea Shop for villagers Impact of the Project Alternate Employment Rabbit Rearing Broomstick Making

11 Impact of the Project Alternate Employment- Self Help Group Activities Saree Embroidery Vegetable Farming Impact of the Project Alternate Employment- Self Help Group Activities Fiber Making for Ropes Incense Sticks Making

12 Impact of the Project Community Development Works JFM Committee Meeting Hall Concrete Thrashing Floor for Crops Impact of the Project Inter Sectoral Linkage Overhead Water Supply Tank Group Housing Telephone Facility Medical Camps

13 Impact of the Project Inter Sectoral Linkage Construction of Concrete Roads Veterinary Camps Establishment of Govt. Shops Construction of School and Computer Centre Impact of the Project Information Technology (GIS) GIS Map for Monitoring Forest Cover

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