Current Status of Organic Agriculture in Washington State

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1 Current Status of Organic Agriculture in Washington State 21 Revised April, 211 Photo by C. Donovan Elizabeth Kirby and David Granatstein WSU-Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources In cooperation with the Washington State Department of Agriculture Organic Food Program and Oregon Tilth Certified Organic

2 Consumer Demand Growth of US Organic Food Sales % of all food sales Sales (Bil $) % Fruits & vegetables = 38% of sales; Dairy = 15% Source: OTA, Nutrition Business Journal

3 Certified Organic Farm Area Washington State 12, 1, 8, Certified + Transition Acres 6, 4, 2, Certified + Transition; includes all land area but no double crop WSDA only ; OTCO, QAI, ICS added in 24; CCOF added 26

4 Certified Organic Crop Acres Washington State C 29 C 21 T 21 % Diff 9-1 Forage 32,659 27, Vegetables 15,668 13, Tree Fruit 21,862 2, Grains, Dry Beans, Oilseeds 13,84 14, Small Fruit and Nuts 3,392 3, Herbs 1,19 1, Mixed Horticulture Fallow 15,33 15, Other non-crop land 1,226 1, Undefined WSDA land 3,141 2, Total 18,336 11,933* 1,74-6% Combined certifier data *21 includes 1,38 acres double crop; actual certified land area = 1,553 ac

5 Crop distribution of certified organic acres in Washington 21 Other land NS 4% Mixed Hort 2% Small Fruit & Nuts 4% Vegetables 13% Fallow 16% Grains, Dry Beans, Oilseeds 14% Forage 27% Tree Fruit 2% Certified acres 11,933 Transition acres 1,74 Combined certifier data Certified land area =1,553 ac including 2,868 unidentified ac. Double crop = 1,38 ac

6 Crop distribution of certified organic acres in Washington 35, 3, 25, Acres 2, 15, 1, 5, Combined certifier data; double crop ac included

7 Organic Share of WA Agriculture No. farms 1.9% Farmland.7% Harvested cropland 1.5% Apples * 9.6% Farmgate sales 4.3% Comparisons are based on 27 Census of Agriculture and 28 organic certifier data except apple percent which is based on 21 certifier data.

8 For an overview of PNW organic agriculture as related to national organic production (28), please refer to an earlier WSU-CSANR presentation and resources available online: USDA-NASS 28 Organic Production Survey Photo: WSU CSANR

9 Organic Tree Fruit Acres Washington State ARS Gallery --- Certified acres --- Growth --- Transition acres Apple 12,936 15,735 14,77* -6% 4,256 2,1 63 Pear 1,713 1,964 2,33 4% Cherry 1,738 2,437 2,147-12% Apricot % Peach & Nectarine 313 1,238 1,251 1% Plum & Prune % 49 5 Mixed stone Total 16,982 21,799 2,658* -5% 6,721 2, * This combined certifier value reflects an increase of 19 ac apples over preliminary value.

10 Organic Apple Area Washington State 16, $ drop 14, 12, Acres 1, 8, 6, 4, $ drop Alar MD $ drop Wal-Mart 2, Certified Transition 14,771ac = 9.6% of WA apple bearing acreage (based on 28 WA-NASS estimate of 153, acres) Combined certifier data; 21 WSDA data only

11 Estimated U.S. Organic Apple Trend 25, West = >95% of area 2, US Total* Acres 15, 1, West* Washington State 5, East/Midwest* CA Based on combined data from WSDA, ERS, CDFA AZ Apple Growers Assoc., QAI and OTCO; * No U.S. values available 29-1.

12 More information on Washington organic tree fruit statistics is available on-line at:

13 Organic Vegetable Acres Washington State 25, 2, Mixed Acres 15, 1, Peas Other & Mixed Onions Green Beans Potatoes 5, Sweet corn Peas Sweet Corn certified vegetables = 13,326 ac

14 Organic Berry Acres Washington State 1,4 1,2 1, Acres Canefruit 2 Blueberry expanding: at 93 ac certified and >2 transition ac in 21 Blueberry Blueberry Canefruit Strawberry Other & Mixed FNDC, NZ 21 total WA certified berries = 1,218 acres Combined certifier data

15 Organic Grape Acres Washington State Acres 3,5 3, 2,5 2, 1,5 1, 5 Juice & Table Wine Juice Wine Table & Mixed 21 total certified grapes = 2,463 acres Combined certifier data

16 Organic Grain, Pulse, Oilseed Washington State Acres 16, 14, 12, 1, Acres 8, 6, 4, 2, Corn Wheat Wheat Corn Other cereals Beans & Peas NS Grain Oilseed 21 organic grain, pulse and oilseed = 14,54 acres Combined certifier data

17 Organic Forage Trend Washington State 35, Acres 3, 25, 2, 15, 1, Alfalfa Hay Other Hay (inc. alfalfa-grass hay) 5, Pasture & Range WA organic forage total = 27,752 ac Combined certifier data

18 Organic Alfalfa US acres (*1) US WA , 11, 1, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, WA acres US ac (*1) WA ac US values are from USDA-ERS; WA values are from reported combined certifier data compiled by WSU-CSANR and includes only acres reported as alfalfa and does not include area reported as mixed alfalfa-grass hay. Note: much of the organic hay is not reported by type. In 21, 42% of total hay was not segregated and may include additional alfalfa.

19 Certified organic dairy cows Washington State Certified * Milkers & dry 2,97 7,282 9,22 9,329 5,898 Calves & Replacement heifers 2,18 7,964 7,22 6,587 4,154 Total 5,15 15,251 16,44 15,916 1,52 No. organic dairies Goat dairy; 6 milk goats **Organic dairy cows represented 4% (28) and 2% (21) of state milk herd 21 herd decreased 37% from 28 peak Photo: Organic Valley Combined certifier data; WSDA data collected in 26-1 reflect number of animals on farm in previous year. Other certifier data are current year. *An additional 5,112 milkers had pending status in 26. ** Based on NASS WA annual statistics.

20 Estimated organic dairy cows Washington State 18, 16, 14, 12, 1, 8, 6, 4, 2, Milkers/Dry Calves & Replacement Heifers Total Combined certifier data; *WSDA data collected in reflect previous year numbers. Other certifier data are current year.

21 Number of Certified Farms by County Washington Okanogan # Farms 735 certified 5 transition Eastern WA 64% of farms* Western WA 36% of farms* Combined certifier data; County farm nos. are estimates; some growers report several farms under one certification number and county whereas land may be in various cos.

22 County Certified Farm Area Washington , , ,94 1,111 4, , , , , , Okanogan 4, ,22 23, , , ,573 7, , , Cert 1,553ac* Trans 1,74 ac Eastern WA 75% of certified ac Western WA 25% *Combined certifier data; includes undefined WSDA land, does not include 1,38 double crop acres. County numbers are estimates; some growers report several farms under one certification number and county whereas land may be in various cos.

23 Regional Certified Farms and Area Washington State 8 12 No. of farms Acres * Area East Area West Farms East Farms West Area does not include double crop acres. Farm number includes both livestock and crop producers. Combined certifier data

24 Summary of Organic Farms Washington State Photo: Organic Valley Certified acres a 64,325 81,472 96,139 18,336 11,933 Transition acres 7,89 13,183 9,38 3,73 1,74 No. Producers b C 554 T(26) 629 (71) 689 (53) 753 (1) 735 (5) Farm gate 25 Sales c $11.5MIL 26 $144.3MIL 27 $213.2MIL 28 $246.7MIL 29 $21.7MIL OPS 28 Reported Sales d $281.9MIL a Acres include double crop and undefined WSDA land; area certified = 61,541 ac (26); 78,529 ac (27); 92,555 (28); 14,962 (29); 1,533 (21) b Includes livestock and crop producers. c Sales reported by WSDA and OTCO only; d USDA-NASS 28 Organic Production Survey WA sales = Certified and Exempt.

25 Estimated Washington Organic Farmgate Sales by Region * % Growth MILLION East $76.6 $19.2 $ $198.1 $ % 16% -17% West $ 24.9 $ 35.1 $ 42.1 $ 48.6 $ % 15% -5% Total $11.5 $144.3 $213.2 $246.7 $ % 16% -15% *Sales all years do not include values from farms that did not reapply during reporting year. Calendar year sales; WSDA and OTCO data only.

26 29 Organic Farmgate Sales County estimates: East of the Cascades ARS photo organic pepper- cucumbercorn rotation Photo: WSU Small Farms Program $ MIL total East 78% of state sales $21.7MIL total WA Grant $ 52,924,663 Benton $ 21,9,15 Yakima $ 21,119,6 Chelan, Douglas* $ 23,932,3 Okanogan $ 12,78,319 Franklin $ 1,812,398 Walla Walla $ 1,483,575 Klickitat $ 5,792,17 Adams $ 4,712,747 Spokane, Stevens, Lincoln $ 76,568 Asotin, Whitman $ 76,35 Kittitas $ 41,583 Most reported county sales declined *WSDA & OTCO data; previous year (29) sales reported in 21. County sales are estimates (sales reported for county may include sales from sites in other counties. *Ex: some Douglas Co. farm gate sales reported as Chelan

27 29 Organic Farmgate Sales County estimates: West of the Cascades Skagit $ 12,11,836 Thurston $ 6,353,482 Lewis $ 5,613,326 King $ 5,412,335 Whatcom $ 5,288,494 Snohomish $ 2,227,662 Pierce $ 1,912,66 Grays Harbor $ 1,86,137 Clark, Cowlitz $ 1,715,125 Clallam $ 1,233,943 Jefferson $ 1,125,1 Pacific, Wahkiakum $ 76,945 Kitsap $ 262,28 San Juan, Island $ 224,13 Photo courtesy of Sequim Lavender Festival $46.1MIL total West 22% of total $21.7MIL total WA Skamania $ 177,879 WSDA & OTCO data; previous year (29) sales reported in 21. County sales are estimates (sales reported for county may include sales from sites in other counties.

28 Organic Farm Size by Sales WSDA certified Washington farms Sales Category % of Farms % of Sales Annual gross sales <25K K K K-1MM >1MM Photo: WSU Small Farms Program

29 Organic Farmgate Sales Washington 25 Farmgate sales (million $) * Farms by sales category *WSDA farms only. Sales all years do not include values from farms that did not reapply during reporting year.

30 WSDA Organic Exports to the European Union Million pounds # Shipments Net Wt (lbs) # Shipments Primarily tree fruit; also dried herbs, seeds, oils WSDA data only

31 Visit WSU-CSANR Organic Statistics website Photo from Sunbreak Farm website

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