Thailand Sugar Industry and Opportunities. 28 January 2016 Upsorn Pliansinchai Vice-President, Mitr Phol Innovation and Research center

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1 Thailand Sugar Industry and Opportunities 28 January 2016 Upsorn Pliansinchai Vice-President, Mitr Phol Innovation and Research center

2 Content 1 Overview Thailand Sugar Industry 2 3 Opportunities of Sugar Business to Bioeconomy Key Drivers 2

3 Thailand Sugar Industry 2nd EXPORTER 4th PRODUCER Sugar 2013/ mln MT

4 4

5 5

6 Overview of Sugar Industry in Thailand THAI 50 There are 50 Sugar Factories in Thailand which have cogeneration plant from bagasse for their own 4 4 Factories have high efficiency turbine and boiler with high electrical capacity. SUGAR Factories connected to their own ethanol plant, using sugar and molasses as feedstock. 6

7 Opportunities of Sugar Business 7

8 No. of Sugar mills 40 % 25 % /20 30 % / % / Expecting positive growth in future with Govt policy on Crop zoning

9 Thai Cane and Sugar Production 2004/ / / / / / / / /25 Cane TH Sugar TH -3 ท มา: สาน กงานอ อยและน าตาล 9

10 Potential Bio-energy from Bagasse in Thailand (2014/15) Bagasses 31 MT Molasses 4 MT Electrical 2,400 M.units Ethanol 1,040 ML ( 2% of Thailand consumption ) Thailand Demand 1,000 ML 10

11 Thailand Biomass-Based Power Generation Potential Potential Electricity Capacity Source : Black and Veatch (2000). Final Report

12 CANE VALUE CHAIN: OPP0RTUNITY Food Supplement Specialty Cement block M-Mol. Fodder Yeast Fertilizer Fertilizer Fly Ash Molasses Ethanol Vinasses Bagasse Sugarcane Sugar Sugar Varieties Bagasse Derivatives Bio-power Filter Cake Lactic Acid (Bioplastic) Food Supplement Sucrose Derivatives Lactic Acid (Food &Bioplastic) Bio-energy Fertilizer Cosmetic Bio-energy Bio- Chemicals Fertilizer Bio-Chemicals 12

13 Opportunities of Thailand 13

14 Land allocation in Thailand Unit: million rai Thailand (million rai) The use of land for agriculture in 2015, Unit: million rai Rice Irrigated Rice 8.49 Maize 7.29 Cassava 8.96 Soybean 0.19 Sugarcane Oil Plam 4.28 Rubber Coffee 0.25 Pineapple 0.45 Longan 1.06 Agricultural situation and outlook for 2016,

15 Key Agricultural products for a Bio-economy in Thailand Thailand is one of the world s major agricultural countries with 24.4 million hectares of farmland (Office of Agricultural Economics [OAE], 2012). Major crops in Thailand rice para rubber cassava oil palm sugarcane corn Value of exports (billion US) (OAE, 2010)

16 Estimated contribution of renewable energy in Thailand in 2011 and 2022 Source : Siemens,2009

17 Feedstock opportunities Corn stalk Rice husk Wheat bran Saw dust

18

19 Developing Technology Cellulose & Hemicellulose Gasification End use chemical 3 Syn gas 2 Pyrolysis Bio-Oil cracking Gasoline 1 Hydrolysis & fermentation Ethanol Biogas Butanol

20 Cellulosic Technology 1 2 Biomass Pretreatment by heat and chemical s 1 Agricultural Biomass Bioenergy and Chemical Products Enzymes break down cellulose chains into sugars Microbe ferment sugars into Bioproducts

21 Opportunities of Thailand CELLULOSE HEMICELLULOSE 1 ENZYME HYDROLYSIS LIGNIN ENZYME BIO-ENERGY CHEMICALS FOOD / FEED 2 FERMENTATION/ PURIFICATION FERMENTABLE SUGAR / OLIGOSACCHARIDES MICROBE

22 Bioeconomy Natural resources Climate Change Public Health Energy security Food security Sustainable production Source : The European Bioeconomy in 2030: Economic and development 22

23 Challenges & Key Drivers 23

24 Why is the Bioeconomy important? Challenges Increasing global population moving towards 9 billion by 2050 Natural resources were consumed and rapidly depleted Increasing environmental pressures and climate change Needs for increased health services All of these crises can be addressed by the bio-economy.

25 Global Agriculture Trend population climate arable land Green economies & diets & safety Source: Dr. Robert T. Fraley (Monsanto Company) 25

26 Primary bio-based feedstocks Source: (Golden & Handfield, 2014, Opportunity in the Emerging Bioeconomy)

27 Biobased products Biopolymers Biolubricants Biosolvents Polylactic acid Bioplastics Biosynthetics Polyhydroxy alkanoates Plant Oils Consumer Products Biofuel Biopharma ceuticals Microbe and Enzymes Fatty acid methyl esters Inks and dyes

28 Interactions of the Bio-economy System Source: (Golden & Handfield, 2014, Opportunity in the Emerging Bioeconomy)

29 Strategic Objectives for a Bio-economy Develop and improve regulatory processes and regulations Support R&D investment development Improve incentive measures for investment Develop infrastructure systems and support instruments Develop a Qualified Human Resource System in fields related to biotechnology

30 National Strategies for Bio-economy Development 1 Develop and improve regulatory processes and regulations 2 Improve incentive measures for investment 3 Develop infrastructure systems and support instruments 4 Develop a Qualified Human Resource System in fields related to biotechnology

31 Main challenges and needs for Bio-economy development in Thailand towards 2021 Competitive Cost of Materials Clear Protocol Required Preservation and Restoration of Ecosystem More Public Funding for R&D Reform and Update Training Programs to Improve Workforce Skills Needed

32 Goals of Bio-economy Development in Thailand 1. Emergence and Development of New Bio-Business 2. Biotechnology Promotes Thailand as Kitchen of the World 3. Thailand Represents Healthy Community and Healthcare Center of Asia 4. Utilization of Biotechnology to Conserve the Environment and to Produce Clean Energy 5. Biotechnology as the Key Factor for Self-Sufficient Economy 6. Development of Qualified Human Resource System

33 Commit to Global Sustainability Technology Readiness Sustainable Feedstock Manpower Market Key Success 33

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