Hydrocarbon Drop-In Biofuels Engine Research Center University of Wisconsin-Madison June 8, 2011

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Hydrocarbon Drop-In Biofuels Engine Research Center University of Wisconsin-Madison June 8, 2011"

Transcription

1 PNNL-SA Hydrocarbon Drop-In Biofuels Engine Research Center University of Wisconsin-Madison June 8, 2011 John Holladay Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PO Box 999, MSIN: P8-60, Richland, WA

2 Energy Security and Market Supply & Demand Balance Dr. Paul Bryan At low % of total market supply & demand, refiners can adapt As % blend increases, issues arise in refining and blending: Refinery balance (light / heavy, H 2, octane, vapor pressure, ) Petrochemical feedstocks (naphtha, pen-hex, BTX, light paraffins & olefins, ) Source: Energy Information Administration, Oil: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Explained and AEO2009, Updated February 2010, Reference Case. Ethanol competes with gasoline, batteries, H 2, and mass-transit, while only liquid fuels compete in most diesel & jet markets

3 DOE-EERE Advanced Biofuels Consortia NABC Lignocellulosics, NAABB Algae Texas A&M Pecos Site Solix Biofuels Coyote Gulch

4 Slide 4 National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts

5 Natural Oils Options like Ecofining: Product is a High Quality Pure Hydrocarbon HO O Free Fatty Acid CH 3 H 2 CO 2 + H 3 C CH 3 H 2 O + H 3 C CH 3 Feed HC O O O O O Reactor System O Separator Triglyceride Acid Gas Removal Water CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 Make-up Hydrogen CO 2 CO 2 H 2 O Propane & Light Ends Green Naphtha or Jet Green Diesel Product H H 3 C 3 C CH 3 CH + 2 H 3 C H 3 C CH 3 Propane Straight Chain Paraffins % UOP Catalyst CH 3 CH 3 Green Diesel CH 3 CH CH 3 H 3 C 3 H 3 C + H 3 C CH 3 + CH 3 CH 3 H 3 C CH 3 & Green Naphtha UOP

6 National Advanced Biofuels Consortium The National Advanced Biofuels Consortium (NABC) is a collaboration among U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories, universities, and private industry that is developing technologies to produce infrastructurecompatible, biomass-based hydrocarbon fuels. NABC : For Open Distribution

7 Crude Oil Refinery: Infrastructure Conversion Picture courtesy of

8 NABC Strategies and Technologies Converting biomass into infrastructure - compatible materials

9 Fermentation of Lignocellulosic Sugars ANY FEEDSTOCK INDUSTRIAL SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY PLATFORM RENEWABLE CHEMICALS AND FUELS Team led by Amyris

10 FLS Process Strategy Overview hydrolysate YEAST CELL Mevalonate Pathway Farnesene Farnesene Synthase Diesel & Chemical Precursor [1] Cane juice [2] Fermentation broth [3] Separations [4] Purification [1] [2] [3] [4]

11 Results: Dilute Acid/Enzyme Hydrolysis of Pine Acid Pretreated Low severity: 190 C, 3 minutes, 0.63% sulfuric acid in liquid Acid Pretreated High severity: 210 C, 3 minutes, 1.0% sulfuric acid in liquid

12 Catalysis of Lignocellulosic Sugars Team led by Virent

13 Catalysis of Lignocellulosic Sugars Process options to produce hydrocarbons from lignocellulosic sugars

14 Catalysis of Lignocellulosic Sugars BioReformate Sugar Hydrolysate

15 Heating biomass can give a bio-oil or synthesis gas Heat Vapor Biomass Bio- Char Syn Gas Bio- Oil Fast Pyrolysis (reference) Ambient pressure T = C Residence times 0.5 s Oil yields around 70% (wt%) Fast pyrolysis oil: High water content: 15-30% High O content: 35-40% High acidity; ph = 2.5, TAN > 100 mg KOH/g oil Unstable (phase separation, reactions) Low HHV: MJ/kg

16 Fast pyrolysis oil is converted to fuels in a 2-step process (reference case) H 2 light products Hydroprocessed Bio-oil (from Mixed Wood) Petroleum Gasoline H 2 O HT HC aqueous byproduct medium products heavy products Min Max Typical Paraffin, wt% Iso-Paraffin, wt% Olefin, wt% Naphthene, wt% Aromatic, wt% Oxygenate, wt% 0.8 Holmgren, J. et al. NPRA national meeting, San Diego, March The carbon recovery based on bio-oil was about 50%

17 Hydroprocessed Bio-oil makes jet fuel range fuels percent distilled % 42.4% jet batch 1 batch 2 20 naphtha temperature, degrees Celsius (corrected to 1 atm)

18 Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis UOP leads the team Replace sand (heat transfer medium) with catalysts

19 Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Standard Fast Pyrolysis Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis

20 Hydropyrolysis RTI Team Lead Add H 2 (reactive gas) during pyrolysis RTI s Transport Reactor System

21 Hydropyrolysis Reactive gas to cap intermediates in pyrolysis vapor Catalytically enhanced hydrogen transfer to reduce oxygen content Use of process modeling to explore commercial concepts

22 Hydropyrolysis -Preliminary Screening Results Improved hydrocarbon yields through effective catalytic hydrogen-transfer Gas / P (psi) Catalyst Char Yield (wt%) He / 400 none 10.5 H2 / 400 none 21.0 H2 /400 2wt% DCat-CS1 21.8

23 Hydrothermal Liquefaction Slow pyrolysis in ph-moderated, pressurized water Wet biomass H 2 Hydrothermal Liquefaction Catalytic upgrading Liquid hydrocarbons ~350ºC, 200 atm, biomass slurry in water minutes solids PNNL Team Lead

24 Hydrothermal Liquefaction biomass slurry in water ~350ºC, 200 atm, residence time of minutes

25 Hydrothermal Liquefaction Preliminary Results Wood Wet feed (9.4 wt%) feed operated for 8 temp and pressure 45 g/h separated oil; 30% mass oil yield, 53% on carbon basis 10.9% oxygen on dry basis, 30 TAN, 9.8% moisture 0.2% nitrogen, 0.01% sulfur, 0.03% ash, 0.34% solids 12% carbon conversion to gas gas 82% CO 2, 12% H 2, 6% CH 4 and higher hydrocarbon 35% carbon in aqueous, 4.6 ph effluent; 44,000 ppm COD Corn Stover 11.1 wt% double wet grind feed operated for 8 similar conditions 51 g/h separated oil ~1 wt% nitrogen in oil

26 Analysis Team Feedstock Composition Operating Conditions Measured Conversion Yields Process Model in Aspen Plus Process Economics using Discounted Cash Flow Analysis with Capital and Operating Costs Flow rates Minimum Fuel Selling Price Cost $ R&D TEA LCA Fuel Product Yield gal

27 Critical Issues Addressed Critical Success Factors Acceptable fuels & intermediates quality demonstrated Potential for commercial readiness demonstrated Reduced carbon footprint compared to fossil based fuels Carbon & energy efficiency maximized Capital and operating costs minimized Catalyst/organism robustness Toxicity levels < EPA limits Example Biochemical Targets (end Stage II) Example Thermochemical Targets (end Stage II) TAN<0.5, O content < 0.2 Final products show potential to meet ASTM standards Intermediates pass 60 day stability test Process is ready to pilot based on MB closure, scale/reproducibility of data and well-defined operations Process achieves >50% GHG reduction compared to gasoline, jet or diesel benchmark Carbon and energy efficiency demonstrated to be >50% -Reduction in cellulase cost contribution>50% -Feed concentration to reactor>50% -95% conversion of carbohydrate portion -Inhibitory compounds identified/mitigated Reactor RT <5 sec (CFP) Reactor P < 500 psig (HYP) Lifetime >1 year Loading <5:1 Analytical methods developed to identify compounds 27

28 General Conclusion Shift of emphasis at DOE (EERE) toward the fuels that should be produced from biomass resources (emphasis on replacing the whole barrel of oil NABC and NAABB leading in technology development (NAABB has a feedstock focus on algal oils and biomass; NABC a conversion focus) NABC emphasis on integration with refinery use of infrastructure in place to make and deliver those fuels into our vehicle fleet today Six technologies are being examined, pilot ready technology will be delivered at the conclusion

29 General Conclusion Shift of emphasis at DOE (EERE) toward the fuels that should be produced from biomass resources (emphasis on replacing the whole barrel of oil NABC and NAABB leading in technology development (NAABB has a feedstock focus on algal oils and biomass; NABC a conversion focus) NABC emphasis on integration with refinery use of infrastructure in place to make and deliver those fuels into our vehicle fleet today Six technologies are being examined, pilot ready technology will be delivered at the conclusion

30 Questions Special Acknowledgement to National Advanced Biofuels Consortium (NABC) Led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Tom Foust (PI) National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts Led by Danforth Plant Sciences Center / Los Alamos National (NAABB) Jose Olivares (PI)

Routes to Higher Hydrocarbons BIO, Pacific Rim Summit

Routes to Higher Hydrocarbons BIO, Pacific Rim Summit Routes to Higher Hydrocarbons BIO, Pacific Rim Summit Thomas D. Foust, Ph.D., P.E. Director, National Advanced Fuels Consortium NREL Bioenergy Center December 9, 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the

More information

Thrust 2: Utilization of Petroleum Refinery Technology for Biofuel Production. Prof. Chunshan Song, Penn State Douglas C.

Thrust 2: Utilization of Petroleum Refinery Technology for Biofuel Production. Prof. Chunshan Song, Penn State Douglas C. Thrust 2: Utilization of Petroleum Refinery Technology for Biofuel Production Prof. Chunshan Song, Penn State Douglas C. Elliott, PNNL Utilization of Petroleum Refining Technologies for Biofuels Production

More information

Valerie Reed Ph.D. Acting Program Manager Office of Biomass Programs Department of Energy. 1 Office of the Biomass Program eere.energy.

Valerie Reed Ph.D. Acting Program Manager Office of Biomass Programs Department of Energy. 1 Office of the Biomass Program eere.energy. Valerie Reed Ph.D. Acting Program Manager Office of Biomass Programs Department of Energy 1 Office of the Biomass Program eere.energy.gov Program Focus U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program Cellulosic

More information

100% Biobased PET: A Sustainable Approach to Fiber, Film, and Bottles.

100% Biobased PET: A Sustainable Approach to Fiber, Film, and Bottles. 100% Biobased PET: A Sustainable Approach to Fiber, Film, and Bottles. Greg Keenan, Virent Inc. - Vice President Business Development & Engineering 5th Annual Renewable Energy and Advanced Biofuels Summit

More information

Sulfur speciation and partitioning during thermochemical conversion of cellulosic biomass to biofuel

Sulfur speciation and partitioning during thermochemical conversion of cellulosic biomass to biofuel Sulfur speciation and partitioning during thermochemical conversion of cellulosic biomass to biofuel Singfoong Cheah Daniel Carpenter Calvin Feik Shealyn Malone National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden,

More information

Biofuels Research Opportunities in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

Biofuels Research Opportunities in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass University of Massachusetts Amherst ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst Conference on Cellulosic Biofuels September 2008 Biofuels Research Opportunities in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass Douglas Elliott PNL,

More information

Technical and Economic Aspects for Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Algae

Technical and Economic Aspects for Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Algae Technical and Economic Aspects for Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Algae JOHN HOLLADAY Algae Biomass Summit WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 2013 October 8, 2013 1 Outline and Acknowledgments Outline Our reason for

More information

Pilot Scale Biorefinery for Sustainable Fuels from Biomass via Integrated Pyrolysis and Catalytic Hydroconversion

Pilot Scale Biorefinery for Sustainable Fuels from Biomass via Integrated Pyrolysis and Catalytic Hydroconversion 8 th Task Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 4 6 October, 2010 Pilot Scale Biorefinery for Sustainable Fuels Biomass via Integrated and Catalytic Hydroconversion Steve Lupton UOP LLC, A Honeywell Company IEA

More information

2010 Biomass Program Priorities

2010 Biomass Program Priorities The Renewable Fuel Standard and Cellulosic Biofuels: Prospects and Challenges Biomass Program Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Department of Energy Dr. Valerie Sarisky-Reed, Lead Platform R&D 2010

More information

Production of Heating and Transportation Fuels via Fast Pyrolysis of biomass

Production of Heating and Transportation Fuels via Fast Pyrolysis of biomass Production of Heating and Transportation Fuels via Fast Pyrolysis of biomass Sanjeev K. Gajjela and Philip H. Steele Department of Forest Products College of Forest Resources Mississippi State University

More information

Biomass and Biofuels. Biomass

Biomass and Biofuels. Biomass and Biofuels Prof. Tony Bridgwater BioEnergy Research Group Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET AV Bridgwater 2008 Energy crops Agricultural and forestry wastes Industrial & consumer wastes 2 Why convert

More information

Conversion of Bio-oil to Hydrocarbons Via a Low Hydrogen Route Philip H. Steele and Sathish K. Tanneru

Conversion of Bio-oil to Hydrocarbons Via a Low Hydrogen Route Philip H. Steele and Sathish K. Tanneru Conversion of Bio-oil to Hydrocarbons Via a Low Hydrogen Route Philip H. Steele and Sathish K. Tanneru Forest Products Department Mississippi State University 1 Pyrolysis auger reactor: MSU has developed

More information

Enabling Extended Catalyst Lifetime in Fixed Bed Hydrotreating of Bio-Oil

Enabling Extended Catalyst Lifetime in Fixed Bed Hydrotreating of Bio-Oil Enabling Extended Catalyst Lifetime in Fixed Bed Hydrotreating of Bio-Oil Alan Zacher, Mariefel Olarte, Doug Elliott Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, WA, USA 6 September 2013 PNNL-SA-97972

More information

Prospects for the Development of Drop-in Liquid Biofuels (especially Gasoline) from Sustainable Feedstocks

Prospects for the Development of Drop-in Liquid Biofuels (especially Gasoline) from Sustainable Feedstocks Prospects for the Development of Drop-in Liquid Biofuels (especially Gasoline) from Sustainable Feedstocks Reinhard Seiser Andrew Burke Session 1: Biofuel and Biomethane Transportation Fuels - Setting

More information

Integrating Biocrudes into Bitumen Upgrading and Petroleum Refining via Co-processing

Integrating Biocrudes into Bitumen Upgrading and Petroleum Refining via Co-processing Integrating Biocrudes into Bitumen Upgrading and Petroleum Refining via Co-processing Jinwen Chen, Anton Alvarez-Majmutov, Rafal Gieleciak CanmetENERGY, Natural Resources Canada One Oil Patch Drive, Devon,

More information

The potential and challenges of drop in biofuels

The potential and challenges of drop in biofuels The potential and challenges of drop in biofuels OH OH H O H H OH H HO OH H OH - O 2 H H H H H O H H H C C C C H OH H H H H H HO OH Carbohydrate Hydrocarbon Petroleum-like biofuel H OH Sergios Karatzos,

More information

Sustainable Biofuels A Small Step towards Carbon Management

Sustainable Biofuels A Small Step towards Carbon Management Energy Technology Division Sustainable Biofuels A Small Step towards Carbon Management Raghubir Gupta and David Dayton Energy Technology Division RTI International Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 April

More information

An NSF Perspective on. Next Generation Hydrocarbon Biofuels:

An NSF Perspective on. Next Generation Hydrocarbon Biofuels: An NSF Perspective on Next Generation Hydrocarbon Biofuels: Implications on Land and Water Use Atibaia, Brazil John R. Regalbuto Catalysis and Biocatalysis Program Directorate for Engineering National

More information

Green Fuels for Arctic Maritime Vessels. SAQIB SOHAIL TOOR, PhD Associate Professor Department of Energy Technology Aalborg University, Denmark

Green Fuels for Arctic Maritime Vessels. SAQIB SOHAIL TOOR, PhD Associate Professor Department of Energy Technology Aalborg University, Denmark Green Fuels for Arctic Maritime Vessels SAQIB SOHAIL TOOR, PhD Associate Professor Department of Energy Technology Aalborg University, Denmark Agenda 2 HTL (Hydrothermal Liquefaction) a brief technology

More information

Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels at the DOE. S-1041 Conversion Technologies for Biofuels Symposium

Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels at the DOE. S-1041 Conversion Technologies for Biofuels Symposium Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels at the DOE S-1041 Conversion Technologies for Biofuels Symposium Jonathan L. Male August 3, 2010 Department of Energy Priorities and Goals Advancing

More information

Processing Recalcitrant Feedstocks in a Biorefinery

Processing Recalcitrant Feedstocks in a Biorefinery Processing Recalcitrant Feedstocks in a Biorefinery Johnway Gao Dwight Anderson Benjamin Levie Paul Spindler October 10-12, 2012 For Bio Pacific Rim Summit on Industrial Biotechnology and Bioenergy Vancouver

More information

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Upgrading of Bio-oil oil for Fuel Production 13 th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference Luc Moens, Ph.D June 25, 2009 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy ffice of

More information

Sustainable Transportation: Overview of Bio-Fuels Systems

Sustainable Transportation: Overview of Bio-Fuels Systems Sustainable Transportation: Overview of Bio-Fuels Systems Terry Surles, surles@hawaii.edu University of Hawaii and Neil Rossmeissl DOE/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 7, 2014 1 Bioenergy

More information

Transportation fuels from biomass via fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing

Transportation fuels from biomass via fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing Transportation fuels from biomass via fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing Douglas C. Elliott, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Biomass is a renewable source of carbon, which could provide a means to

More information

Department of Energy Priorities and Goals

Department of Energy Priorities and Goals Department of Energy Priorities and Goals "Developing the next generation of biofuels is key to our effort to end our dependence on foreign oil and address the climate crisis --while creating millions

More information

Catalytic Biomass Pyrolysis Studies at Pilot-Scale

Catalytic Biomass Pyrolysis Studies at Pilot-Scale Catalytic Biomass Pyrolysis Studies at Pilot-Scale TCS2016, November 1-4, 2016, Chapel Hill, NC Ofei Mante, D. Dayton, D. Barbee, M. Carpenter, L. Shumaker, K. Wang, and J. Peters RTI International is

More information

March 22, Pollution Probe Pathways Initiative Workshop. Renewably Sourced Fuels. Carolyn Tester

March 22, Pollution Probe Pathways Initiative Workshop. Renewably Sourced Fuels. Carolyn Tester March 22, 2015 Pollution Probe Pathways Initiative Workshop Renewably Sourced Fuels Carolyn Tester Principle-based Advocacy Free market, level playing field, market solutions No mandates or subsidies Consumer

More information

International Bioenergy & Bioproducts Conference DOE Biomass Program. Valri Lightner, Deployment Team Lead

International Bioenergy & Bioproducts Conference DOE Biomass Program. Valri Lightner, Deployment Team Lead International Bioenergy & Bioproducts Conference DOE Biomass Program Valri Lightner, Deployment Team Lead October 14, 2009 2009 Program Priorities Science & Discovery Connecting basic and applied bioscience

More information

Pyrolysis and Gasification

Pyrolysis and Gasification Pyrolysis and Gasification of Biomass Tony Bridgwater Bioenergy Research Group Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK Biomass, conversion and products Starch & sugars Residues Biological conversion Ethanol;

More information

Hydrothermal Processing of Wood for Electricity James Oyler October 2014

Hydrothermal Processing of Wood for Electricity James Oyler October 2014 Hydrothermal Processing of Wood for Electricity James Oyler October 2014 Slide 1 Hydrothermal Processing Advanced process efficiently converts wet organic matter to biofuels and clean water Can produce

More information

MARKET STRATEGY AND DEVELOPMENT OF ADVANCED CATALYTIC PYROLYSIS TO DROP-IN HYDROCARBON FUELS

MARKET STRATEGY AND DEVELOPMENT OF ADVANCED CATALYTIC PYROLYSIS TO DROP-IN HYDROCARBON FUELS MARKET STRATEGY AND DEVELOPMENT OF ADVANCED CATALYTIC PYROLYSIS TO DROP-IN HYDROCARBON FUELS International Advanced Biofuels Conference 19 May 2017 Gothenburg, Sweden Note on Forward Looking Statements

More information

Biofuels Technology Options for Waste to Energy

Biofuels Technology Options for Waste to Energy Biofuels Technology Options for Waste to Energy David C. Dayton, Ph.D. Fellow, Chemistry and Biofuels Director Energy Technology Division Sustainable Food Supply Chain Workshop March 16-17, 2015 Princeton

More information

A U.S. Perspective on Biofuels

A U.S. Perspective on Biofuels A U.S. Perspective on Biofuels Bio4Fuels Days 2017 November 2, 2017 David C. Dayton, Ph. D. RTI Senior Fellow and Director of Biofuels Energy Technology Division RTI International is a registered trademark

More information

Introduction to Economic Modeling and Forecasting

Introduction to Economic Modeling and Forecasting Introduction to Economic Modeling and Forecasting Hawaii PUC Biomass/ Biofuels Training Program Andy Aden, John Ashworth, Joelle Simonpietri, Scott Turn April 11, 2012 EIA Forecasts Energy Information

More information

Pyrolysis Oil: Heat, Electricity, Green. and Chemicals Too. September 13 th, 2010

Pyrolysis Oil: Heat, Electricity, Green. and Chemicals Too. September 13 th, 2010 Pyrolysis Oil: Heat, Electricity, Green Transportation Fuel, and Chemicals Too September 13 th, 2010 1 Agenda Ensyn and Fast Pyrolysis Pathways of Biomass to Stationary and Transportation Fuels The Joint

More information

Biofuels. Letizia Bua

Biofuels. Letizia Bua Biofuels Letizia Bua Biofuels What is a biofuel? What the European Community says about it? How we can produce it? (Technology options) eni and renewable energy 2 What is a biofuel? interesting! Life cycle

More information

2.2 Conversion Platforms

2.2 Conversion Platforms 2.2 Conversion Platforms The strategic goal of the conversion element is to develop technologies for converting feedstocks into cost-competitive commodity liquid fuels, like ethanol, as well as bioproducts

More information

Fast Pyrolysis: Pathway to Unlocking Value from Forest Product Residuals. Randal Goodfellow March 15 th, 2011

Fast Pyrolysis: Pathway to Unlocking Value from Forest Product Residuals. Randal Goodfellow March 15 th, 2011 Fast Pyrolysis: Pathway to Unlocking Value from Forest Product Residuals Randal Goodfellow March 15 th, 2011 Envergent Envergent Technologies Technologies 2009 2009 Agenda Introduction Rapid Thermal Processing

More information

CHG: Today s Lowest-Cost Biofuel Process

CHG: Today s Lowest-Cost Biofuel Process CHG: Today s Lowest-Cost Biofuel Process January 2011 1 Overview of Gasification Process Catalytic Hydrothermal Gasification (CHG) is a wet process (up to 90% water) which produces methane in a single

More information

Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion Process for Production of Gasoline and Diesel Fuel from Biomass Extended Abstract 2009 AICHE

Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion Process for Production of Gasoline and Diesel Fuel from Biomass Extended Abstract 2009 AICHE Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion Process for Production of Gasoline and Diesel Fuel from Biomass Extended Abstract 2009 AICHE 2009 Gas Technology Institute All rights reserved. Terry Marker,

More information

CPC field-specific training

CPC field-specific training CPC field-specific training C10G, C10L1/00-C10L1/08 José Carlos Pardo Torre Examiner, European Patent Office June 2018 Table of contents Introduction What and where to classify Neighbouring fields Specific

More information

Sustained Hydrotreatment of Biomass Pyrolysis Bio oil with Minimal Catalyst Deactivation

Sustained Hydrotreatment of Biomass Pyrolysis Bio oil with Minimal Catalyst Deactivation Sustained Hydrotreatment of Biomass Pyrolysis Bio oil with Minimal Catalyst Deactivation Zia Abdullah, PhD Versa Renewables, LLC Rachid Taha, PhD Battelle Memorial Institute Huamin Wang, PhD Pacific Northwest

More information

Second Generation Biofuels: Technologies, Potential, and Economics

Second Generation Biofuels: Technologies, Potential, and Economics Second Generation Biofuels: Technologies, Potential, and Economics Charles E. Wyman Ford Motor Company Chair in Environmental Engineering Center for Environmental Research and Technology and Chemical and

More information

The hydrothermal decomposition of biomass and waste to produce bio-oil

The hydrothermal decomposition of biomass and waste to produce bio-oil Waste Management and The Environment VII 445 The hydrothermal decomposition of biomass and waste to produce bio-oil P. De Filippis, B. de Caprariis, M. Scarsella & N. Verdone Chemical Engineering Department,

More information

Biofuels: Trends, Specifications, Biomass Conversion, and GHG Assessments

Biofuels: Trends, Specifications, Biomass Conversion, and GHG Assessments Biofuels: Trends, Specifications, Biomass Conversion, and GHG Assessments 6 th International Symposium on Fuels and Lubricants New Delhi, India March 9-12, 2008 S. Kent Hoekman, Ph.D. Desert Research Institute

More information

Algae Under Pressure and in Hot Water Hydrothermal Pathways to Renewable Fuels

Algae Under Pressure and in Hot Water Hydrothermal Pathways to Renewable Fuels Algae Under Pressure and in Hot Water Hydrothermal Pathways to Renewable Fuels Phillip E. Savage University of Michigan Chemical Engineering Dept. 1 Energy Usage Trends society transitions to new energy

More information

Second Generation Biofuels: Economic and Policy Issues

Second Generation Biofuels: Economic and Policy Issues Second Generation Biofuels: Economic and Policy Issues Wally Tyner With Input from Farzad Taheripour March 27, 2012 Presentation Outline New data on global land use change Sources of uncertainty for second

More information

Biotechnology: New Tools for Sustainable Biofuels Production

Biotechnology: New Tools for Sustainable Biofuels Production Biotechnology: New Tools for Sustainable Biofuels Production Brent Erickson Executive Vice President Industrial and Environmental Section Some Industrial and Environmental Section Members Global Energy

More information

Future U.S. Biofuels and Biomass Demand Uncertainty Reigns. Wally Tyner

Future U.S. Biofuels and Biomass Demand Uncertainty Reigns. Wally Tyner Agricultural Outlook Forum Presented: February 24-25, 2011 U.S. Department of Agriculture Future U.S. Biofuels and Biomass Demand Uncertainty Reigns Wally Tyner Future U.S. Biofuels and Biomass Demand

More information

Challenge 2: Fargione et al; Land Use Change Penalty. CO 2 debt is created when land is cleared

Challenge 2: Fargione et al; Land Use Change Penalty. CO 2 debt is created when land is cleared Green Gasoline at NSF ACS Green Chemistry and Engineering Conference University Park, MD John R. Regalbuto Catalysis and Biocatalysis Program Directorate for Engineering National Science Foundation June

More information

Biorefineries. International status quo and future directions. Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree

Biorefineries. International status quo and future directions. Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree Biorefineries International status quo and future directions Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree Contents 1. Biobased Economy 2. Biorefineries - Definition 3. Biorefineries - Categories 4. Biorefineries - Objective

More information

Biorefineries Workshop

Biorefineries Workshop Biorefineries Workshop - 2010 Renewable feedstock co-processing in oil refining / petrochemical units Luiz Fernando Leite UFRJ Firjan Convention Center Rio de Janeiro November 10-12, 2010 Biofuels & Bioproducts

More information

FLATE Hillsborough Community College - Brandon (813)

FLATE Hillsborough Community College - Brandon (813) The Florida Advanced Technological Education (FLATE) Center wishes to make available, for educational and noncommercial purposes only, materials relevant to the EST1830 Introduction to Alternative/Renewable

More information

Gasification of bagasse to Syngas and Advanced Liquid Biofuel Production

Gasification of bagasse to Syngas and Advanced Liquid Biofuel Production Gasification of bagasse to Syngas and Advanced Liquid Biofuel Production Prof. Dr. Rubens Maciel Filho School of Chemical Engineering Laboratory of Optimization, Design and Advanced Process Control-LOPCA

More information

PERP/PERP ABSTRACTS Bio-Routes to para-xylene PERP 2011S3

PERP/PERP ABSTRACTS Bio-Routes to para-xylene PERP 2011S3 PERP/PERP ABSTRACTS 2010 Bio-Routes to para-xylene PERP 2011S3 Report Abstract March 2012 March 2012 Alan J. Nizamoff CHEMSYSTEMS PERP PROGRAM The ChemSystems Process Evaluation/Research Planning (PERP)

More information

Department of Forest Biomaterials, North Carolina State University. Raleigh, NC , USA 2

Department of Forest Biomaterials, North Carolina State University. Raleigh, NC , USA 2 Process Simulation of Biomass Fast- Pyrolysis into Transportation Fuels Carlos E. Aizpurua 1, Hoyong Kim 1, Stephen S. Kelley 1, Hasan Jameel 1, Mark M. Wrigth 2, and Sunkyu Park 1. 1 Department of Forest

More information

The National Bioenergy Center and Biomass R&D Overview

The National Bioenergy Center and Biomass R&D Overview The National Bioenergy Center and Biomass R&D verview Dr. Michael A. Pacheco Director of National Bioenergy Center National Renewable Energy Laboratory May 20, 2004 National Bioenergy Center Announced

More information

Biofuels Presentation. Alex, Lizzy, Ogie, Matt, and Kathryn October 3, 2011

Biofuels Presentation. Alex, Lizzy, Ogie, Matt, and Kathryn October 3, 2011 22.033 Biofuels Presentation Alex, Lizzy, Ogie, Matt, and Kathryn October 3, 2011 1 Overview Our Goal House of Quality Comparison of Biomass Sources Possible Uses & Processes Comparison of Inputs Comparison

More information

Fast Pyrolysis Liquids to Biofuels: R&D at PNNL and IEA Bioenergy

Fast Pyrolysis Liquids to Biofuels: R&D at PNNL and IEA Bioenergy Fast Pyrolysis Liquids to Biofuels: R&D at PNNL and IEA Bioenergy DOUG ELLIOTT Chemical and Biological Process Development Energy and Environment Directorate NORTHWEST WOOD ENERGY TEAM FORUM STEVENSON,

More information

Breaking the Chemical and Engineering Barriers to Lignocellulosic Biofuels

Breaking the Chemical and Engineering Barriers to Lignocellulosic Biofuels Breaking the Chemical and Engineering Barriers to Lignocellulosic Biofuels A Workshop to Develop the Roadmap for Making Lignocellulosic Biofuels a Practical Reality ACS Headquarters Washington, D.C. June

More information

2G Biofuels: from biomass going commercial. Simone Ferrero, Copenhagen 20/05/2014

2G Biofuels: from biomass going commercial. Simone Ferrero, Copenhagen 20/05/2014 2G Biofuels: from biomass going commercial Simone Ferrero, Copenhagen 20/05/2014 SUMMARY The biorefinery concept Proesa Technology Biofuel and Biochemicals 2 BIOBASED CHEMICALS FROM BIOMASS: IS IT POSSIBLE?

More information

Biofuels: What, When and How

Biofuels: What, When and How Biofuels: What, When and How Arvind M Lali & Annamma A. Odaneth Institute of Chemical Technology Mumbai, India Biofuels : Need or Interest Energy security High energy dependence on politically unstable

More information

Bioenergy Research at University of Surrey

Bioenergy Research at University of Surrey SUPERGEN Researchers Day 6 th May 2016 Bioenergy Research at University of Surrey Dr. Siddharth Gadkari Research Fellow Department of Chemical and Process Engineering University of Surrey, Guildford Development

More information

Innovation Technology Outlook of Advanced Biofuels

Innovation Technology Outlook of Advanced Biofuels Innovation Technology Outlook of Advanced Biofuels production and deployment in the next three decades Shunichi NAKADA IITC-IRENA Ecuador, November 2015 Contents 1. Why advanced Biofuel? 2. Framework of

More information

Biomass Pyrolysis. Tony Bridgwater Bioenergy Research Group Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK

Biomass Pyrolysis. Tony Bridgwater Bioenergy Research Group Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK Biomass Pyrolysis Tony Bridgwater Bioenergy Research Group Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK Aston University Bioenergy Research Group IEA Bioenergy, York, 12 October 2010 2 What is pyrolysis? Biomass

More information

Liquid Fuel Production by Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass

Liquid Fuel Production by Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass Liquid Fuel Production by Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass September 2013. DTU International Energy Conference Peter Arendt Jensen, paj@kt.dtu.dk DTU, Chemical Engineering, CHEC Flash pyrolysis process Biomass

More information

Carbon To X. Processes

Carbon To X. Processes World CTX Carbon To X Processes Processes and Commercial Operations World CTX: let s Optimize the Use of Carbon Resource Carbon To X Processes Carbon To X technologies are operated in more than 50 plants

More information

MULTI-WASTE TREATMENT AND VALORISATION BY THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES. Francisco Corona Encinas M Sc.

MULTI-WASTE TREATMENT AND VALORISATION BY THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES. Francisco Corona Encinas M Sc. MULTI-WASTE TREATMENT AND VALORISATION BY THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES Corona, F.; Hidalgo, D.; Díez-Rodríguez, D. and Urueña, A. Francisco Corona Encinas M Sc. PART 1: THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES Introduction.

More information

Abstract Process Economics Program Report 280 COMPENDIUM OF LEADING BIOETHANOL TECHNOLOGIES (December 2011)

Abstract Process Economics Program Report 280 COMPENDIUM OF LEADING BIOETHANOL TECHNOLOGIES (December 2011) Abstract Process Economics Program Report 280 COMPENDIUM OF LEADING BIOETHANOL TECHNOLOGIES (December 2011) The use of ethanol as an alternative motor fuel has been steadily increasing around the globe

More information

Reaching Further Afield in Engineering Science

Reaching Further Afield in Engineering Science Reaching Further Afield in Engineering Science Yuanhui Zhang, PhD, PE Innoventor Professor in Engineering Dept. Agricultural and Biological Engineering University of Illinois at Urban-Champaign Saskatchewan

More information

Topics PROESA TECHNOLOGY. Commercial Scale Production of Fermentable Sugars from cellulosic biomass. Kota Kinabalu September 7 th, 2015

Topics PROESA TECHNOLOGY. Commercial Scale Production of Fermentable Sugars from cellulosic biomass. Kota Kinabalu September 7 th, 2015 PROESA TECHNOLOGY Commercial Scale Production of Fermentable Sugars from cellulosic biomass Kota Kinabalu September 7 th, 2015 Pierluigi Picciotti 1 2 3 4 Topics Group Overview: focus on Biochemtex and

More information

Biofuels and Biorefineries

Biofuels and Biorefineries Biofuels and Biorefineries Stella Bezergianni, Angelos Lappas, and Iacovos Vasalos Laboratory of Environmental Fuels and Hydrocarbons (LEFH) (www.cperi.certh.gr) Center of Research & Technology Hellas

More information

Process Modeling and Life Cycle Assessment of Biomass Conversion

Process Modeling and Life Cycle Assessment of Biomass Conversion Process Modeling and Life Cycle Assessment of Biomass Conversion Dr. Wen Zhou Department of Chemical Engineering Michigan Tech October 12, 2017 Conversion Pathways Hemicellulose-Cellulosic Substrate Comparison

More information

Bioenergy Research at NREL. Justin Sluiter. Wednesday, June 8, 2016

Bioenergy Research at NREL. Justin Sluiter. Wednesday, June 8, 2016 Bioenergy Research at NREL Justin Sluiter Wednesday, June 8, 2016 NREL History NREL began operations in 1977 as SERI Elevated to national laboratory status in 1991 NREL is one of 12 DOE national laboratories

More information

LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF BIOFUELS WITH THE GREET MODEL

LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF BIOFUELS WITH THE GREET MODEL drhgfdjhngngfmhgmghmghjmghfmf LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF BIOFUELS WITH THE GREET MODEL MICHAEL WANG Systems Assessment Group Energy Systems Division Argonne National Laboratory NAS Workshop on Bioenergy with

More information

Industrial Biotechnology and Biorefining

Industrial Biotechnology and Biorefining Industrial Biotechnology and Biorefining Industrial Biotechnology and Biorefining The Centre for Process Innovation From innovation to commercialisation The High Value Manufacturing Catapult is a partnership

More information

Integrated Florida Bio-Energy Production with Carbon Capture and Sequestration

Integrated Florida Bio-Energy Production with Carbon Capture and Sequestration UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDA Integrated Florida Bio-Energy Production with Carbon Capture and Sequestration PI: Ali T. Raissi Co-PI: Nazim Muradov Research Team: Amit Gujar, Jong Baik, Nathaniel Garceau

More information

Ofei D. Mante* and FA Agblevor Biological Engineering, Utah State University, Logan UT; *RTI International, Research Triangle, NC

Ofei D. Mante* and FA Agblevor Biological Engineering, Utah State University, Logan UT; *RTI International, Research Triangle, NC Physicochemical properties of biomass catalytic pyrolysis oils: A 13 C NMR spectroscopic investigation of the effects of functional groups on oil properties. Ofei D. Mante* and FA Agblevor Biological Engineering,

More information

TCBiomass 2015 November 4, 2015

TCBiomass 2015 November 4, 2015 BIOENERGY TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE TCBiomass 2015 November 4, 2015 Jonathan L Male 1 Bioenergy Technologies Office Outline I. Overview II. III. IV. Conversion Bioproducts to Enable Biofuels FY15 Achievements

More information

Fischer Tropsch Catalyst Test on Coal-Derived Synthesis Gas

Fischer Tropsch Catalyst Test on Coal-Derived Synthesis Gas Fischer Tropsch Catalyst Test on Coal-Derived Synthesis Gas Introduction Coal represents a major energy source that can be transformed into transportation fuels and chemical feedstocks. The United States

More information

Thermal Processes in Biorefineries the Dibanet Example

Thermal Processes in Biorefineries the Dibanet Example Thermal Processes in Biorefineries the Dibanet Example Tony Bridgwater Presented by Daniel Nowakowski Bioenergy Research Group Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK DIBANET WP4 Tasks Task 4.1 Pyrolysis

More information

Second Annual California Biomass Collaborative Forum

Second Annual California Biomass Collaborative Forum Second Annual California Biomass Collaborative Forum John Ferrell Office of Biomass Program U.S. Department of Energy March 1, 2005 Federal Goals for Biorefinery Development and Implications for Fuel and

More information

Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels

Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels HAROLD SCHOBERT The Pennsylvania State University and North-West University CAMBRID GE UNIVERSITY PRESS Contents Preface page xv Acknowledgments xvii Acknowledgments

More information

Upgrading In Situ Catalytic Pyrolysis Bio-oil to Liquid Hydrocarbons

Upgrading In Situ Catalytic Pyrolysis Bio-oil to Liquid Hydrocarbons Upgrading In Situ Catalytic Pyrolysis Bio-oil to Liquid Hydrocarbons Douglas Elliott, Daniel Santosa, Mariefel Olarte Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Yrjö Solantausta, Ville Paasikallio VTT Technical

More information

Cellulosic Biomass Chemical Pretreatment Technologies

Cellulosic Biomass Chemical Pretreatment Technologies Life-changing Research and Development Cellulosic Biomass Chemical Pretreatment Technologies September 6, 2007 Keith Pauley Keith.Pauley@matricresearch.com 800-611-2296 Chemical and Environmental Technologies

More information

Future Opportunities for Biomass Fuels and Power

Future Opportunities for Biomass Fuels and Power Future Opportunities for Biomass Fuels and Power Dr. Richard L. Bain, Principal Engineer Biorefinery Analysis & Exploratory Research Group National Bioenergy Center SmallWood 2006 Richmond, VA May 16,

More information

Hydrothermal Processing in Wastewater Treatment Overview

Hydrothermal Processing in Wastewater Treatment Overview Hydrothermal Processing in Wastewater Treatment Overview James Oyler President Genifuel Corporation IR 2 Forum August 2015 Manhattan College Slide 1 Hydrothermal Processing (HTP) This process can help

More information

The Chemical Catalysis for Bioenergy Consortium: Enabling Production of Biofuels and Bioproducts through Catalysis

The Chemical Catalysis for Bioenergy Consortium: Enabling Production of Biofuels and Bioproducts through Catalysis The Chemical Catalysis for Bioenergy Consortium: Enabling Production of Biofuels and Bioproducts through Catalysis Josh Schaidle October 17 th, 2017 1 Bioenergy Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Catalysis

More information

The best approach for the conversion job; biological thermochemical or both?

The best approach for the conversion job; biological thermochemical or both? Engineering Conferences International ECI Digital Archives BioEnergy IV: Innovations in Biomass Conversion for Heat, Power, Fuels and Chemicals Proceedings Spring 6-12-2013 The best approach for the conversion

More information

Driving Towards Sustainable Mobility. An Automotive Perspective on Biofuels

Driving Towards Sustainable Mobility. An Automotive Perspective on Biofuels Driving Towards Sustainable Mobility An Automotive Perspective on Biofuels Dr. Candace Wheeler GM Technical Fellow Global Energy Systems Center General Motors Corporation 1 Need for Energy Diversity and

More information

Refinery Integration of Renewable Feedstocks

Refinery Integration of Renewable Feedstocks Refinery Integration of Renewable Feedstocks JOHN HOLLADAY Energy and Environment Directorate john.holladay@pnnl.gov CAAFI R&D SOAP-Jet webinar series November 14, 2014 November 14, 2014 1 Overview Fuel

More information

We accept the challenge!

We accept the challenge! Synthesis Gas Generation for Transportation Fuel Production Gasification Technologies Conference 2014, October 26-29 Washington, DC Andras I. Horvath / ANDRITZ Oy, Niels R. Udengaard /Haldor Topsoe Inc.

More information

BIOENERGY TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE. Jonathan L. Male Director, Bioenergy Technologies Office. NASEO February 6, Bioenergy Technologies Office

BIOENERGY TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE. Jonathan L. Male Director, Bioenergy Technologies Office. NASEO February 6, Bioenergy Technologies Office BIOENERGY TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE NASEO February 6, 2015 Jonathan L. Male Director, Bioenergy Technologies Office 1 Bioenergy Technologies Office Outline I. Overview II. III. IV. Risk Demonstration Portfolio

More information

Reforming is an upgrading process in which low octane gasoline is converted to high octane gasoline.

Reforming is an upgrading process in which low octane gasoline is converted to high octane gasoline. REFORMING Reforming is an upgrading process in which low octane gasoline is converted to high octane gasoline. Catalytic reforming primarily increases the octane of motor gasoline rather than increasing

More information

Biogas Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass

Biogas Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass Biogas Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass Dr. Ram Chandra Scientist, Energy Bioscience Overseas Fellow Centre for Rural Development & Technology Indian Institute of Technology Delhi 1 Biomass to Energy

More information

Module 1d. The Bioenergy Chain. new technologies HTU, supercritical gasification, pyrolysis importance of energy condensed bio-fuels

Module 1d. The Bioenergy Chain. new technologies HTU, supercritical gasification, pyrolysis importance of energy condensed bio-fuels Module 1d The Bioenergy Chain Overview presentation introduction conversion-technologies combustion gasification anaerobe digestion bio transport fuels new technologies HTU, supercritical gasification,

More information

Possible Role of a Biorefinery s Syngas Platform in a Biobased Economy Assessment in IEA Bioenergy Task 42 Biorefining

Possible Role of a Biorefinery s Syngas Platform in a Biobased Economy Assessment in IEA Bioenergy Task 42 Biorefining Possible Role of a Biorefinery s Syngas Platform in a Biobased Economy Assessment in IEA Bioenergy Task 42 Biorefining G. Jungmeier 1, R. Van Ree 2, E. de Jong 3, H. Jørgensen 4, P. Walsh 4, M. Wellisch

More information

CREATIVITY AND EXPERTISE to develop solutions for the marine industry. Green Tech 2016 Marine fuels from forest biomass

CREATIVITY AND EXPERTISE to develop solutions for the marine industry. Green Tech 2016 Marine fuels from forest biomass CREATIVITY AND EXPERTISE to develop solutions for the marine industry Green Tech 2016 Marine fuels from forest biomass Marine fuels Marine fuels are specified according to ISO 8217:2012 Heavy fuel oil

More information

CARBOHYDRATES TO PLATFORM CHEMICALS

CARBOHYDRATES TO PLATFORM CHEMICALS CARBOHYDRATES TO PLATFORM CHEMICALS Challenges & Opportunities in developing Sustainable Green Technologies Pramod Kumbhar; Ph. D Executive Vice-President Outline Praj and Praj Matrix Renewable chemicals

More information

Novel Ni-based catalysts for the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil

Novel Ni-based catalysts for the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil Engineering Conferences International ECI Digital Archives BioEnergy IV: Innovations in Biomass Conversion for Heat, Power, Fuels and Chemicals Proceedings Spring 6-11-2013 Novel Ni-based catalysts for

More information